If you cannot will that it should be done by everyone You shouldnt do it no

If you cannot will that it should be done by everyone

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about doing. If you cannot will that it should be done by everyone. You shouldn’t do it (no matter the reason) Illogical: You can’t steal because if everyone did it there would not be stores. Categorical Imperative-Second Formulation Act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of another, always as an end and never as a means only. Don’t use people. Don’t exploit or manipulate them. Respect human beings because they think for themselves and have an independent will. Common sense morality (WD Ross) 20th century philosopher Believed there were fundamental problems with utilitarianism and deontology Prima Facie duties On the face of it (first glance) He gave a list of example of duties “prima facie” duties but it is not taken as a complete least. There may be others that did not occur to him. Fidelity (faithfulness): if we make, we should keep the promise. Gratitude: if someone does something to assist us, we should repay them for their kindness. Reparation: If we injure someone,we should make up for the harm we did them. Justice: if we see that someone is being treated unfairly, we should do what is in our power to correct the injustice. Beneficence: We should improve the lives of other when we are able. Self-Improvement: We should improve our own lives( morally, intellectually, physically) to the extent we are able. Non-maleficence: We should avoid harming others. Ross Likes “common sense” because he thought “It avoids the “too rigid” objection against deontology and the “too flexible” objection against utilitarianism” Feminist ethics (Ethics of Care): Carol Gilligan)
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  • Spring '11
  • LBernasconi
  • Ethics

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