What were the major problems faced by chosŏn in the

This preview shows page 13 - 15 out of 15 pages.

3.What were the major problems faced by Chosŏn in the middle of the 19th century? What were their causes? Separate the (internal) historical pressures that had developed before the impact
Major problemsfaced by Choson afterthe impact Causes
Do you think Parhae should be considered a Korean kingdom? Explain the pro and con arguments and give your own informed opinion on which arguments you find to be more credible.To begin with, the identity of Parhae is still a very controversial topic today especially between Korean and Chinese scholars over the claim of the vast lands of Manchuria. The generally accepted view of the Kingdom of Parhae is that it was founded after the fall of Koguryo by remnants of the Koguryo people and the Malgal population. Some scholars raise the question of whether if the Parhae Kingdom can be considered “Korean” if a significant portion of the population were not Koreans but “malgal”.Scholars who claim that Parhae is not Korean based their claims on the idea that the malgals composed most of the Kingdomand therefore Parhae is not Korean, but malgal. Some Chinese scholars even claim that the ruling class of Parhae are mostly malgal as well, basing their claims on “Old History of the Tang”.However, the problem is that although malgal is mentioned several times, there is no specific mention on who the malgals exactly were. These scholars tend to believe that the malgals were of different ethnicity and originsfrom the Koreans. In samguksagi and other Chinese sources, it is never clearly specified which ethnicity or tribes that the malgals belonged in. Moreover, in Samguk-Sagi, the term malgal has been used to describe people along the border regions of Koguryo, Silla and Nangnang.Therefore it is possible that malgals may have been some sort of tribes of different origins of Koryo who resided in the area.However, looking at the fact that all these sources were written much after the founding of Parhae, one must consider how the term malgal was really used. As written above, malgal was used to describe a vast amount of tribes and ethnicity. Some Chinese scholars argue against even the generally accepted fact that

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture