What was the result of indias encounters with turks

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9.What was the result of India’s encounters with Turks, Mongols, and Islamic society?The Mauryan Empire in India fell apart in 185 b.c.e due to attacks by the Scythians, Huns, Turks, and Mongols. The strongest Indian kingdom united most of North India, and that Empire was known as the “Gupta.” The Gupta Empire took a huge blow around 450 when a group of White Huns came into India. Even though Gupta ruler “Skandagupta,” defeated the Huns, he still suffered a huge loss of life within his empire. With the decline of the Gupta Empire, India once again broke into separate kingdoms. In 711, pirates plundered an Arab ship that was carrying many riches. Umayyad (governor of Iraq) sent a force of six thousand horses and six thousand camels to seize the Sind areain Western India. Even though Western India remained under caliphate control for centuries, Islam religion did not take hold. The Turks in the ninth and tenth century took over northern Iran and western Afghanistan. This is where we see Islamic converts begin,as they had to first serve in the military forces out of Baghdad. Mahmud of Ghazni led attacks of out Afghanistan into India in 977. Ghazni plundered temples and palaces to gain the finances to wage war against the Turks. However, the Turks in 1030 took controlof India from the Arabs. These new rulers encouraged the spread of Islam, but the Indian caste system made it difficult to convert higher-caste Indians. The Muslim Turks placed the Hindus under the “Protected People” act and were allowed to follow their own religion, but had to pay special taxes. Hindus did not have to serve in the military and
HIS 125 Module 6 Homework Assignmentlocal chiefs and rajas remained in control of their domains as long as they continued to pay tribute. Unfortunately, the Muslims did not like Buddhists and in 1193 destroyed the Buddhist University at Nalanda in Bilar. This forced Buddhism out of India for the time being.In the twelfth century Turkish ruler, Muhammad of Ghur captured Delhi, extending his control throughout north India. However, he was assassinated in 1206 and one of his generals took over and established a government separate from the governmentin Afghanistan. The Delhi sultanate held off the Mongols from 1299-1307. The Delhi sultanate faced three attacks, two hundred thousand plus Mongols, and never did a Mongol step foot in the Sultan’s fort. In the fourteenth century, the Delhi sultanate was in decline from all of the raids and fell to Timur in 1398. The Delhi sultanate endured under different rulers until 1526, when they were conquered by the Mungals, a Muslim Dynastythat would rule over most of northern India into the sixteenth century.PART II:JournalDirections: The purpose of the journal is to actively engage in self-learning and opportunities toclarify and reflect upon your thinking of world history in different ways. Further, the journal isintended to help the student gain writing fluency knowledge and creativity in doing so. You

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