Frankl May Anti deterministic Choices Existential anxiety angst guilt isolation

Frankl may anti deterministic choices existential

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Frankl, May Anti-deterministic Choices Existential: anxiety (angst), guilt, isolation, void, vacuum Authenticity Eight Phases Phenomenological perspective: Umwelt, Mitwelt Phenomenology Death and non-being Freedom Responsibility Meaninglessness Existential/neurotic anxiety Neurotic/moral/existen tial guilt Will to meaning Authenticity Importance of empathy Being authentic Viable therapeutic alliance Liberates from past constraints Measuring change/outcome is difficult Dialectical method Education about existentia therapy philosophy Authentic relationship Phenomenological perspective Acceptance Confrontation Encouragement Paradoxical intention De-reflection 2. Gestalt Therapy (Neukrug, 2011) Born neither good or bad with a capacity to embody a number of infinite personality dimensions Individual reality is experience based and choices one makes in life can create new reality. Perls Ego boundary Top dog/under dog Shouldisms Here and now Mindfulness Split Introjection Projection Retroflection Holism Expanded notion of figure/ground Polarities Contact Need satisfaction cycle Unfinished business Closure Resistance/blockage to experience As good as behavioral and cognitive therapy Reduces anxiety and depression Improves decision making Research is limited Empathy Being directive and confrontational Avoiding intellectualization Non-verbal behavior focus Experimentation “Now” language Experiencing the present Not gossiping Dialogue game Empty chair 3. Person-Centered Counseling (Neukrug, 2011) Reality for each person is a function of that person’s consciousness or understanding of the world, not something external. Rogers Client-centered Full potential Subceive Subtractive Ideal concept Reflection of feelings Self/ideal concept Actualizing tendency Need for positive regard Conditions of worth Non-genuineness and incongruence Organismic valuing process Uses client self- report/tapes and transcripts to examine change Not choice of treatment for focused problems. Exhibit core conditions of congruence/genuineness Unconditional positive regard Empathy Q-sort
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Choice and free will Self-determination Nondirective counseling Necessary and sufficient conditions Cognitive-Behavioral 1. Behavior Therapy People are born a blank slate and through conditioning learns behaviors. Born with a tendency to orient toward survival. Skinner, Wolpe, Bandura, Pavlov Unconditioned/con ditioned stimulus Unconditioned/con ditioned response Successive approximation Shaping Chaining Extinction Associative learning Social learning Classical Conditioning: Social learning or modeling Operant Conditioning Assessment of client needs, identifying & treating specific problems makes it easy to research and is most productive in successful outcome.
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