Discuss parts components of a medication order date

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18. Discuss parts/ components of a medication order.Date and Time the order was written;Medication Name (Generic or Brand is acceptable);Dosage Strength;Dosage Form (onlyif not a solid; e.g.syrup, solution, concentrate, etc.);Route of Administration (by mouth; IV; injection; eye drops; G-tube; etc.);Frequency of Administration;Duration of Therapy;Indications) for Use (allprn [as needed] medications are required to have an indication or reason for use);Signature of Physician or Advanced Practice Nurse19. Compare and contrast medication preparations ~ pills, capsules, elixirs, syrups, powders, creams/ lotions, sprays,Tablets-most common drug forms; cheap; should not be crushedLiquids-bottom of the meniscus should be used to determine the correct amountElixirs-sweetened hydroalcoholic liquids used in preparation of oral liquid medicationsEmulsions-mixture of two or more liquids that are not solubleSuspensions-liquids in which particles are mixed but not dissolvedTransdermal-medication stored in a patch on the skin and absorbed through the skin (more consistent blood levels than oral injection forms)Drug embedded matrix form-drug is spread over the entire surface and diffuses into the skin Reservoir patch-drug is released via a semipermeable membraneAlways take off previous patch before applying a new oneTopical- medication applied to the skinInstillations-liquid medications usually administered as drops, ointment, or sprays in the following forms (ex. Eyedrops, Ointment, Eardrops, Nosedrops and sprays)Inhalations-inhalersSuppositories-solid drug form that is inserted into the area of medication (vaginally, rectal, etc.)Parenteral(Fastest route) (Ex. subcutaneous, Intramuscular, Z-track, Intravenous, Intraosseous)Know: Digoxin: 2ndline drug used to treat heart failure when heart muscles weaken and enlarge; inhibits the Na/K pup which increases
contractility effectiveness; SHOULD BE CLOSELY MONITORED FOR DIGITALIS TOXICITY (clinical manifestation extreme nausea causing anorexia, visual halos, bradycardia)Theophylline: Theophylline relaxes the smooth muscles of the bronchi, bronchioles, and pulmonary blood vessels by inhibiting the enzyme phosphodiesterase, resulting in an increase in cAMP, which promotes bronchodilationLasix- Diuretic; It can treat fluid retention (edema) and swelling caused by congestive heart failure, liver disease, kidney disease, and other medical conditionsPotassium:used to maintain the sodium potassium pump in muscular movement; found in foods like: tuna, mangoes, avocados, bananas,tomatoes, cucumbers, and spinachHCTZ (Hydrochlorothiazide):belongs to a class of drugs known as diuretics/"water pills." It works by causing you to make more urine. This helps your body get rid of extra salt and water. Lisinoprilvit K: Used to help with clottingHeparin: prevent clots from forming by preventing thrombin from converting to fibrinCoumadin/warfarinAction: anticoagulantIndication:pts at risk for clot formation

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