From their entire production and become detox

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from their entire production and become Detox Champions (Detox Outdoor 2016 ). Further green products can be innovating biological nutrient-based renewable resources aimed at generating a bioeconomy through greater use of renewable biomaterials instead of fi nite resource elements. In textile production, many alter- native sources of raw materials have been explored to replace conventional mate- rials having slow regenerative rate or longer replacement cycle. For example, research is being conducted in the Nordics to look into alternatives for cotton by using chemical wood pulp or recycled biobased textiles (Bio Innovation 2016 ). Re: newcell is a Swedish innovation start-up which aims at recycling and transforming a high cellulosic portion fabric into recycled dissolving pulp ( re:newcell pulp ) which can then be used for commercial textile production (Re:newcell 2016 ). Further, new green fabrics, materials, and practices are constantly explored to pave the way in TCF manufacturing sector. Sustainable Technology in Nettle Growing (STING) is a collaborative project between the company Camira, Defra (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs), and De Montfort University to develop textile material made out of stinging nettle leaves (Green Product 2014 ). Many other biocomposites, created through combination of biobased fi bers, such as kenaf, hemp, fl ax, jute, with polymer matrices are also essential in creating bio fi - ber matrix interface and novel processing. Beyond, green sustainable or alternative products and processes, learning from and replicating nature to fi nd solutions for answers to various problems related to our quest for new products, processes, or technology, have been for a long time and is termed as biomimicry or biomimetics (Vincent et al. 2006 ). Biomimetics incorporate principles that rethink our approach to materials development and processing and hence promote sustainability by reducing ecological footprint (Eadie and Ghosh 2011 ). Natural systems are inherently energy-ef fi cient and adaptable, hence to be sustainable, textile fi bers and products must emulate this feature. Further, the increasing demand for fi bers worldwide has driven the use of new and innovative products, to be met largely by using renewable resources and through Sustainable Design and Business Models in Textile and Fashion 119
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ef fi cient recycling; however, high number of polymers in fi ber structure makes it immensely dif fi cult, at times, to eventually recycle the product. Biomimicry in textiles, in this regard, considers recyclability and aims at reducing the number of polymer types we tend to use. 3.4 Archetype 4 Deliver Functionality Rather Than Ownership This archetype emphasizes servitization and product-service systems (PSSs) (Tukker 2004 ), wherein functionality and access are valued more over ownership of the product. Services are provided to satisfy users needs aimed at increasing the active lifetime, single or multiple, of each product. In some cases, the service providers retain the ownership of the product entirely through its lifetime, only offer
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  • Fall '19
  • environmental sustainability

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