John Rawls - Justice•Maximin Rule: One should select an alternative among many under which the worst that could happen to you is the better than the worst that could happen to you under any other alternative.
ELEMENTS OF RAWLS’ THEORY OF JUSTICE: ORIGINAL POSTIION, VEIL OF IGNORANCE, SELF-INTEREST, AND MAXIMIN RULE
Principle One•Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive total system of equal basic liberties compatible with a similar system of liberty for all.
Principle Two•Social and economic inequalities are to satisfy two conditions:–They are to be attached to positions and offices open to all under conditions of fair equality and opportunity.–Any inequality in society should benefit the least advantaged members of society.
Difference Principle•Any inequalities in society should be to the benefit of the least advantaged in society.
•“We are led to the difference principle if we wish to set up the social system so that no one gains or loses from his arbitrary place in the distribution of natural asses or his initial position in society without giving or receiving compensating advantages in return.”—John Rawls