Dass dem kind das buch zu gefallen scheint that the

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dass dem Kind das Buch zu gefallen scheint that the-dat book the book to please seems The GB solution: empty pleonastic subjects ... a strange way of confessing that the conflict may find a different solution, too?
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Constraints at S-S and LF May 1985: A wh-phrase must be in Spec-CP at LF (wh-crit) #who thinks that who wins *who wonders if you behave how
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Constraints at S-S and LF The idea that wh-movement might take place before or after S-structure, but in any event before LF, was very popular. Chinese: no visible movement ==> the relevant constraint must be respected at LF only Bulgarian: full syntactic movement the relevant constraint must be respected at S-S already
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Constraints at S-S and LF This may be re-interpreted as different ways of resolving the conflict between wh-crit and the linearization requirements following from theta theory and Case theory
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Invisible Elements EPP* dass pro getanzt wird that danced is Late/invisible movement or empty auxiliaries he INFL often kisses Mary
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Preliminary Summary GB-theory tries to avoid acknowledging the existence of conflict between constraints by - postulating invisible elements (traces, empty expletive) - having principles apply at certain „levels of representation“ only
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Conflict Resolution in GB There is one domain only where Chomsky 1981 acknowledges conflicting rules: John prefers PRO going to the movies *John prefers his going to the movies John and his cannot be coreferent in the second example - unlike what we have in : John prefers his cat
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Conflict Resolution in GB Chomsky‘s solution: The AVOID PRONOUN PRINCIPLE Do not use an overt pronoun when an empty one is possible. Similar effects: il veut PRO venir he wants come il veut qu’il vienne he wants that he come The two il cannot be coreferential because of APP
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Conflict Resolution in GB More binding facts of pronominals were later explained in terms of conflicts A well-know paradigm John saw himself/*him in the mirror John laughs at himself/*him John expects himself/*him to win John expects Mary to love him/*himself John expects that he/*himself will win
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Conflict Resolution in GB Chomsky’s solution: Principle A: An anaphor must be bound in the local domain S Principle B: A pronoun must NOT be bound in the local domain S
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Conflict Resolution in GB Bouchard‘s solution: PRINCIPLE A + The AVOID PRONOUN PRINCIPLE This answers: a) why are the local domains typically the same b) they saw their/each other‘s wives
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Conflict Resolution Plan of Today‘s Presentation 1. Discuss conflict resolution as rule ordering 2. Introduce types of conflicts 3. Discuss the disguised conflict resolution component of the GB- theory 4. Discuss the conflict resolution in the MP
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Preparing the Minimalist Program In the late eighties, syntacticians became more and more aware of the need to give an account for the question of WHY rules apply.
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