smallholders where they are sufficiently organized to strengthen their market position by creating economies of scale, in order to overcome market failures, by developing a local trade network and local-currency-based on the production of biofuels; Transfer know-how on the improvement of biofuel production; Establish a legal enterprise run by local partners, to coordinate the production chain in the long run; (Moers, 2008).
41 Highly ranked results are found in the principles of democracy, nonviolence, and peace. First of all at the level of the projects` executive boards, there is enough transparency and participation in decision making. The project equally organizes consultative meetings in which all project stakeholders come together to discuss on issues concerning the progress of the project (Chamda. 2009:157).¨ 5.6 Final Comparative Remarks The comparative analysis has given an account and the reasons of biofuels impacts by highlighting the main characteristics from both cases in order to identify the causes that make both so differentiated. First of all, the way in which the approaches and the actors involved interact across the units of analysis produce differentiated impacts. The jatropha projects based on integrated food and fuel production on smallholder farms contrasts dramatically with a largely unregulated agribusiness oil palm based on a more large-scale commercial production. Those differences caused by processes of neoliberalization with increasing trends of concentration and marketization of land and biofuels crops are creating an overbearing complex that threatens access to land and livelihoods for the rural poor and peasants; and also to the small-scale farming model. The impacts shown by the biggest case demonstrate that a majority of landless peasants and small holders that are losing their lands and rights, making biofuels complex a serious case of negative social and human impacts. Therefore the Honduras case is that one in which the politics of biofuels does not take into consideration the emerging social and political disruptions on those territories, and causing a detriment in effective governance accountability and legitimacy, thus contradictory process to the democratic system. The weak capacity of the State to cope with the sway of corporate actors to expand, otherwise, as we see in Honduras, the State partakes with the private interests achieve development in the erstwhile neglected countryside. The comparison shows most striking results in the case of Palm Oil, as the emerging biofuel complex and its increasing linkages with governments, international institutions and agencies are reinforcing processes and political and legal structures that increase pressure and control over strategic resources such as land from subsistence farmers, indigenous people and rural communities with insecure land rights. Therefore, the enforcement of neoliberal and developmental policies tend to produce dynamics that have impacted rural communities in very
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