9.3 Kant’s Arguments on LyingThe case of the inquiring murderer: A friend tells you he is going home to hide from a murderer. The murder comes and asks you if your friend is at home. Should you lie or tell the truth?
Kant and the Golden Rule?
In Summary, Objections to Kant’s Categorical Imperative 1) No moral precept can be Absolute, because there are obvious exceptions to all moral precepts.
Kant on Lying: A Second Look To many, Kant’s views seem extreme. Yet many also see him as touching on a some deep theoretical point about ethics. 1. First, we might agree with Rachels that Kant is demanding reasons for our actions and that: “If we accept any considerations as reasons in one case, you must also accept them as reasons in a different case.” (Rachels, p.134) Example: Same-sex marriage.
Kant on Lying: A Second Look Negative Responsibility Case 1 : The drowning toddler that you could have easily saved but did not.
9.4 Conflicts between Rules Argument against absolute moral rules: Cases of conflict in absolute moral rules A person might be in a situation in which he has two conflicting duties. If 2 duties are conflicting, then it is impossible for him to perform both. .
9.4 Conflicts between Rules Argument against absolute moral rules: Cases of conflict in absolute moral rules If he does only one, we would not think that he has evaded his moral duty by not performing the other. Therefore, duties cannot be absolute, since, in this case, he was excused from performing one of the conflicting duties.
9.4 Conflicts between Rules If two rules come into conflict, they can't both be absolute... The case of the Dutch Fishermen...
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