fuels had devastating effects on the number of gases they produced as well as the waste. With an increase in the number of industries, many of them ended up in production and manufacturing. In various productions, the by-products were Sulphur (IV) Oxide and Sulphur (IV) Oxide. These gases are greenhouse gases and often have a blanket effect. Rather than let go of the heat, they tend to hold it and act as a blanket preventing the heat from escaping into the atmosphere. These gases are what cause global warming the increase in temperature. This is well coupled with the high rate of deforestation that has been going on over the past century or so. Forests all over the world have reduced to nearly half their original size. Forests are well-known sources of rain through the process of transpiration, and they also help provide shelter for animals and vegetation. On the other hand, with increased
4 GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE deforestation, the size of forests has reduced considerably (Kornai, 2010). Therefore, their ability to absorb carbon (IV) oxide from the air has reduced significantly. This has made it difficult to reduce the concentration of carbon (IV) Oxide in the atmosphere. These astonishingly high rates of greenhouse gases and a decline in the forest coverage all around the earth have had a tremendous change in the world. The ice sheets that are often found in Antarctica and Green land are melting. This is as a result of a theatergoer increase in the global temperatures over a while. The increase in temperatures has affected the global climate all over the world. It has caused a change in how the lives of Antarctica are. On both the North and South poles, the ice is melting (Tesla, 2018). As a result of this melting of ice on the north and south poles, there is a rise in the sea levels; there has been an abnormal rise in the average sea levels. This is because the ice that melts is getting carried to the sea. This melting of ice on both the poles is becoming a very challenging phenomenon for certain species like the Polar bear. These species are declining greatly, and the surviving members have to move further north to help them cope with the average changes in the environmental changes. Species of plants and animals that are used or that favor cold weather are becoming extinct. It has been recorded by National Geographic (2019) that butterflies, foxes, and alpine plants are slowly migrating to the north pole in search of cooler temperatures. There has also been a great increase in the average precipitation levels around the world. This is despite certain areas of the world experiencing acute drought and shortage of food. The average increase in precipitation levels shows that there has been a tremendous change in the overall climatic makeup of the globe (National Geographic, 2019). These
5 GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE changes have resulted in many abnormal occurrences, such as the increase in the number of hurricanes, cyclones, and typhoons.
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