PHL
2_ethics_relativism.pptx

Our normative view is that we have a duty to obey the

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Our normative view is that we have a duty to obey the law because, in general, laws promote human good. Also, civil disobedience is warranted in cases where moral the law is unjust. However, if ethical relativism is true, neither law nor civil disobedience has a firm foundation
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“the question of defining a culture” 2) The concept of ‘society’ or ‘culture’ is vague. One can be at the same time ‘right’ and ‘wrong’ in all of one’s many subcultures. Example: it may be ok for Mary to have an abortion in the 1 st 6 weeks as an American, wrong as a Catholic, right according to her parents, and wrong according to her friends.
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“the enterprise of moral criticism” There is no perch on which to criticize anyone else. Relativism is ultimately about choice, but if our choices are in conflict, there is no way to settle the matter. Why should we recognize a culture’s authority unless that culture recognizes the authority of something that legitimizes the culture. It seems that we need something higher than culture by which to assess a culture
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Plus, we just aren’t all that different 3) The level of diversity across the globe is not that extreme. There are similarities in the moral codes of various cultures. Examples: murder (vs justifiable homicides, such as war), prohibitions on lying, regulations on sexual behavior, restitution, reciprocity, parent-child obligations, and others have been found to be universal.
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Dependency thesis 4) The Dependency thesis is vague and flawed.
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