It would be unfair and inaccurate to assume that only “troubled students” or students displaying outward signs of distress need quality information, prevention education, or intervention.Research from 2011 identified bullying as a public health issue. The findings suggest that prevalence and incidence rates for bullying are difficult to narrow down due to the wide range of studies using various definitions and measures of the problem. This basis of research indicates that nearly 30 percent of Americanyouthhave been affected by bullying experiences. The 2011 Youth Risk BehaviorSurvey reported that 22.7% of Ohio’s 9-12 grade students reported bullying on school grounds and 6.2% did not go to school because they felt unsafe. In general, bullying is understood as repeated, intentional and aggressiveacts byone student, or a group of students against another student(s) perceived as being weaker, or having less social power than the person(s) doing the bullying. The behavior can be: •Direct and physical (including hitting, pushing, spitting); •Indirect or social (including name-calling and rumors);•Relational (including exclusion from relationships to control others); or•Gender-based (includes verbal and physical unwanted sexual attention and coercion, and/or insults, intimidation based on sexual orientation*).*Note:Some forms of gender-based bullying may actually be sexual harassment, and will need to be addressed according to Title IX.For more information, please reference the Dear Colleague Letter, April 2011 issued by theU.S. Department of Education: ().Bullying - How Do I Know What to Look For?Teen Relationship Abuse/Dating Violence - How Do I Know What to Look For?
Module Three, Page 4A Safety and Violence Prevention CurriculumAccording to the Ohio Domestic Violence Network, teen dating violence is a pattern of actual or threatened acts of physical, sexual and/or emotional abuse, perpetrated by an adolescent against a current or former dating partner. Abuse may include insults, coercions, social sabotage, sexual harassment, threats and/or acts of physical or sexual abuse. The abusive teen uses this pattern of violent and coercive behavior, in a heterosexual or same sex dating relationship, in order to gain power and maintain control over the dating partner.”Of note and unique to abuse in same-sex relationships, threats of being “outed” (revealing a partner’s sexual orientation to others such as family, friends, classmates, etc.) were used by abusive partners.Abusive and violent behaviors include the following:Physical abusePinch, hit shove, kick, throw, grab, shake, slap, punchWith the intent of controlling and manipulating Sexual abuseAny unwanted sexual contactCompleted or attempted sex actSexual contact (touching)Non-contact sexual abuse (voyeurism, threats, pornography)Can range from kissing to rapePsychological, emotional, or verbal abuse or coercionControlling and/or monitoring, etc.
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- Spring '17
- stacy braiuca