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maintaining good hygiene, and positive self-reinforcement. Self-care is key to living well withdepression and will help the patient feel better and live longer. Medication, psychotherapy, andlifestyle changes all contribute to successful management plans for depression. The mostsuccessful patients are active participants in their care and work with their doctors to develop aplan and stick to it. [Pri16]These patients educate themselves on their diagnosis and treatmentrecommendations. They maintain a medication regimen for at least 2 years and do not stoptaking their medications suddenly because they start to feel better. They recognize that themedication is the reason they are starting to feel better and stick with it until they have balancedthemselves out completely. People with depression run the risk of relapse of their symptoms,there are ways to prevent relapse and people managing their depression successfully use them.To prevent relapse, building a support system can help a patient with depression stay on track.There are many online resources to help people manage their depression filled with
WGU C155 Task 1encouragement from other people with depression and tips and tricks to handle stressors. Lifeexpectancy in the United States is 78 years. People who have had a major depressive episode it ismuch lower 50 years. Suicide is the eighth leading cause of death in the United States and 60%of people who commit suicide suffer from depression.[Kah14] People with depression oftenparticipate in activities that reduce life expectancies including smoking cigarettes and drug andalcohol abuse. Outcomes for patients with depression improve if they follow treatmentguidelines for depression. This includes medication management, psychotherapy, and lifestylechanges.Section 3a-Disparities Disparities occur between management of depression on a national and internationallevel. As with any mental health illness, there are differences in access to treatment based on age,race, gender, and social/economic status. Disparities can occur because of a lack of knowledgeabout managing depression, the stigma with mental illness, and lack of services and healthcare.The United States has access to insurance coverage that includes mental health services thatother countries quite often do not have access to. Patients in the U.S. have better medical andpsychiatric care when compared to many other countries. There is also less stigma in the UnitedStates regarding mental illness as there is in some Asian and African countries. Our highstandards in this country because America recognizes the problem depression causes for society.Other well developed such as Canada and Australia have similar resources to the United States asfar as clinics, providers, and online resources. Depression is considered a weakness in Latincountries. In the United States ethnicity has been shown to affect whether patients receivetreatment for depression based on cultural differences. Difference in health care coverages varyover different socioeconomic status. In the United States minorities may be less likely to seek