Difference between innate and adaptive immunity

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difference between innate and adaptive immunity innate: non specific adaptive: specific, defenses that target a specific pathogen 61. difference between macrophages and mast cells macs: engulf and digest pathogens masts: have antibodies on their surface and release inflammatory chemicals 62. Difference between nerves and tracts Nerves: carry more than one type of info Tracts: carry one type of info 63. Difference between neuroglias: Astrocytes, ependymal, microglia Astrocytes: nourish neurons form the blood-brain barrier Ependymal: line the ventricles of the brain and produce cerebral spinal fluid Microglia: phagocytosis cells that ingest waste products in the CNS 64. Difference between obligate aerobes, obligate anaerobes, facultative anaerobes, aerotolerant anaerobes Obligate aerobes: need O2 Obligate anaerobes: cannot survive in O2 Facultative anaerobes: can do aerobic and anaerobic Aerotolerant: can surge with O2 but can only do anaerobic 65. difference between peptide and steroid hormones peptide: composed of amino acids and are derived from larger proteins steroid: derived from cholesterol 66. difference between pharynx and larynx pharynx: resides behind the nasal cavity and behind the mouth larynx: lies below the pharynx and only a pathway for air 67. Difference between positive and negative sense virus + translated by host cell - RNA replicate must go first then translated 68. Difference between prions and viroids Prions: infection proteins that trigger misfiring of other proteins Viroids: plant circular pathogens 69. Difference between prostate and bulbourethral glands Prostate produces alkaline fluid, bulbourethral produces fluid that cleans out any remaining urine and lubricates for sex 70. difference between renin and angiotensin renin lowers blood pressure, and cleaves angiotensin, and this all causes the release of aldosterone 71. difference between secretion and absorption secretion is putting solutes into the urine, reabsorption is taking it back into the blood 72. Difference between stratified and pseudo stratified epithelia Stratified: multiple layers Pseudo: one layer with a bunch of different heights 73. Difference between temporal and spatial stimulation Temporal: addition of multiple signals near each other in time Spatial: refers to the addition of multiple signals near each other in space
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74. difference between the bottleneck and founder effect they are two types of genetic drift bottleneck: when a population has reduced genetic variation because of something like hunting founder: when a population has reduced genetic variation because a new colony is started by a few members of the original population 75. Difference between the two reflex arcs Monosynaptic: sensory neuron fires into a motor neuron Polysynaptic: sensory neurons may fire onto a motor neuron or interneurons that also fire into other motor neurons 76.
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