In patients who are symptomatic, a thoracentesis needs to be performed to relieve the dyspnea, respiratory distress, or hypoxia. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a procedure that creates an The most common causes of pleural effusion are congestive heart failure , pneumonia , malignancies and pulmonary embolism . A pleural effusion is due to the manifestations of another illness. pleural effusions can be divided into transudates (caused by fluid leaking from blood vessels) and exudates (where fluid leaks from The incidence of hydrothorax ranges between 1.6% and 10% of PD patients Approximately 25% of patients remain asymptomatic. Patients with adult polycystic kidney disease have a higher incidence of hydrothorax complicating PD, presumably due to increased intra- abdominal pressure update.com/members/ Pleural_Effusion_Hyd rothorax.cfm ic.org/health/diseases_ conditions/pleural- effusion ialhermann.org/service s/pleural-effusion/ In a study conducted in 75 randomly selected units in Canada and the United States, hydrothorax accounted for 6% of anatomical complications in 200 patients studied between July 2000 and June 2001. Pleural effusions are diagnosed annually in >1.5 million people in the USA.
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- Fall '13
- Health Care Industry, Pneumothorax, Pleural effusion, respiratory health