Tonny_...-social_psychology_and_ethics

And exposing them to harsh conditions which are

This preview shows page 3 - 5 out of 7 pages.

and exposing them to harsh conditions which are unacceptable according to the ethical codes of conduct. It is always stated that animals are used for experimental studies before the trials can be conducted on humans. Milgram's during his experiment allowed the participants to put someone suffering from a heart condition under very strong electrical shock. The experiment violated the rights of the patients without compensation (Michael, 2009). The ethical problems in these experiments were because the participants were in less powerful positions. The two experiments were meant to prove the effects of authority on people with less power when at the same time they were putting the participants under authority (Zimbardo et al, 2011). The unfair treatment of the individuals deserved compensation, but they did not get any. The experiments were based on the professors concluding their experiments, creating the findings and coming up with the conclusion without considering the welfare of the participants (Michael, 2009). For instance, putting people under harsh conditions and forcing them to continue when you are not at the receiving end is improper and a very ill act. At some point, the students in the Stamford University experiment were crying but were forced to continue for the benefit of completing the experiment and coming up with the findings (Shelley et al, 2009). The two experiments applied deception to realize the indented outcomes the experimenters had in mind. This forms an extreme violation of power over the weak to come to a
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

completion of the experiment. For instance, the initial intention of the Milgram’s experiment was not meant to harm anyone, the participants were convinced that the study was meant to show the relationship between learning conditions and the type of punishment (Baofu, 2011). When the experiment started, however, the students were exposed to strong electrical shock while the professor, Dr. Milgram told the participants to continue increasing the shock every time the subjects committed any slight mistake. Similarly, in Zimbardo’s experiment, the students were informed the experiment would be short but went through a very long period of suffering they had to endure (Michael, 2009). Modern ethics, however, puts deception as a great experimental mistake which violates the rights of every participant. Even children are guarded against deception, and no experiment can continue under such conditions (Shelley et al, 2009).
Image of page 4
Image of page 5
  • Spring '16
  • Stanford prison experiment, Philip Zimbardo, Milgram experiment, Dr. Stanley Milgram

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern