In medicine women actually outnumber men 70 of students 1960 Federation of

In medicine women actually outnumber men 70 of

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In medicine, women actually outnumber men (70% of students) 1960 - Federation of Cuban Women (FMC) - played a role in changing sexist opinions and behaviors, rejected feminism because it was not concerned with the poor or people of color Vilma Espin - president for many years Egalitarian family code, 1975 - obliged husbands to do half of all family chores; however surveys suggest the persistence of Latin American gender stereotyping in home still persists Women participation in politics has been less equal, by mid 1980s only 13% of women in central committees, in the top governing agencies By 2003 - women formed over 30% of active membership of PCC, 52% of union leadership, 31% of all managers Cuba ranks 5th in the Americas in terms of overall equality of women By 1990 women formed 40% of the workforce and none of them were domestic workers anymore because Castro made that illegal In the 1950s 13% of the workforce were women and domestic work was included In the 1950s there was a infant mortality rate of 6/100 and maternal mortality 12 out of 10000 1990s 1/100 Provided daycare access so women can work and be mothers but by the 80s and 90s there were 1 million women in the workforce and were only 100,000 daycare slots Racial Minorities Radical improvement of treatment of black people after 1959 “Proclamation against Discrimination” speech/campaign against racial discrimination
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States that difference in skin color are not important Repealed pre-1959 discriminatory laws Castro did not support black separatism- closing associations As a result of policy change, living standards for black and mulatto population improved considerably after 1959 Black people are still significantly underrepresented in government but in 1986, Castro did announce it to be priority to increase share of top political jobs When it comes to access to healthcare, education, life expectancy and job opportunities, CUba will either completely close to race gap or shrink it significantly in the 60s and 70s Whereas in Brazil and the USA, racial gaps continue In many ways, Cuba is still going to be racist There is a disproportionate arrest and incarceration rate for young black men vs. any other demographic Neighborhood housing segregation LGBTQ At first, same sex relations see as a “bourgeois decadence” resulting from capitalism; similar attitudes throughout 1960s and 1970s as Cuba moved closer to USSR 1965- Revolutionary Armed Forces forcibly recruited gay men into UMAP work battalions (Military Unites to Help Production), but after criticism, in 1967 Castro ordered them disbanded 1971- Government described same sex relationships as incompatible with the revolution - gay individuals were expelled from the party and lost jobs 1975- Supreme Court overturned this- government pursued more liberal approach 1979- homosexuality is not a crime anymore
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  • Fall '18
  • Planned economy, ■ Castro

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