100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 22 - 24 out of 27 pages.
Nationalist interests also at work ■Want to demonstrate that they are great powers ■Proves useful to appeal to the masses to have colonies ■They will bring civilization to places that are benighted ○The Scramble for Africa is significant because it brings about the demise of Africa completely into European hands now and also pits many European powers against each other in the struggle for territory Early 20th century ●Boer War ○In South Africa gold and diamonds are found and British make effort to annex Boers (Afrikaner) states ○Boers (Afrikaners) were white settlers in South Africa and did not like the idea of British sovereignty ○Anglo-Boer war (1899-1902) breaks out and drive Afrikaners to defeat ■27,000 Afrikaner women, children, and elderly die in concentration camps that British had placed them in ○Although the British defeat the Afrikaners, it was a costly victory and Britain begins to turn power back to Afrikaners over the next years ○The Boer War is significant because it demonstrates the unrest of the colonial subjects in the late 19th century and their challenge to the liberal hegemonic european order ●Boxer Rebellion ○The Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901) was a nationalist rebellion that wanted to expel foreigners from China ○The rebellion was in response to the European powers having spheres in China and taking advantage of China ○The Rebellion was significant because it demonstrated the wave of nationalism and xenophobic sentiments that were sweeping across Europe and Asia at the time. It is also significant because Europeans decided that the best way to control China after the rebellion was not through direct conquest but by using the Qing dynasty as puppets ○“Society of righteous and Harmonious Fists” ○Countered with heavily armed force of British, French, Russian, US, German, and Japanese troops ●Russo-Japanese War ○The Russo-Japanese took place between the Russian and Japanese Empires from 1904 to 1905 ○Russia and Japan were fighting over dominance in Manchuria and Korea ○Japan decisively beat the Russian troops and took control over the region ○The Russo-Japanese war is significant because it was the first time an Asian power had beat an European country in battle. The war is also significant because it demonstrates the expansionist sentiments of countries in the decade before WWI
●pan-Slavism ○Pan-Slavism is a notion that arose in the early 20th century which declared that all slavic people should be united and have sovereignty ○Pan-slavism is important because it was one of the causes of WWI: Slavs in Serbia demanded independence in the province of the Austro-Hungarian empire called Bosnia Herzogovina, with the city of Sarajevo at its center however, their requests went unregarded so Serb nationalists (terrorists) decide to assassinate the heir to the Austro Hungarian empire, Archduke Ferdinand ●Sun Yat-Sen ○Sun Yat-Sen was the founder of the Republic of China ○Through out his life, Sun Yat-Sen led efforts to expel the Qing dynasty from China and