A chain of Friendship Brooklyn Eagle (July 1914) find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com
3 • Trench Warfare o Months passed with no more than a few yards gained or lost. o Casualties soared - Direct combat - Wounds from combat - Disease - Psychological deterioration • Advances in Technology o Wireless Communication (Radio) • Advances in Weaponry o The New Technology of Warfare - Krupp - Machine Guns and Artillery o Hand Grenades o Flame throwers o Poisoned Gas - Mustard Gas - Chlorine o Airplanes - Parachute - Synchronized Machine gun o Tanks and armored cars o Submarines • Christmas 1914 Fritz and Tommie enjoy a cease-fire. Troops fraternize, exchange gifts, sing, and play soccer. • What’s Up ǁith the UŶited “tates? 1914 o Pacific empire and hegemony over Latin American o Opened OUR canal across Panama after aiding/abetting Panama reǀolutioŶ agaiŶst Coloŵďia ͞gift͟ of the CaŶal )oŶe o Frequent military intervention in the Caribbean and Central America- ͞Rooseǀelt Corollary͟ to the MoŶroe doĐtriŶe, his ďig stick. find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com
4 o Dollar Diplomacy of Taft • US Neutrality o Have our hands filled with our empire, why should we become entangled with the European conflict? o WilsoŶ’s syŵpathies lay ǁith BritaiŶ aŶd FraŶĐe, ďut he ǁished to remain neutral o Immigrant nation – sympathies for both sides of the conflict among Americans o Progressives considered war wasteful and irrational and suspected that big business instigated conflict for profits o Big business selling to both sides and was making huge profits. o Americans had a long tradition of neutrality in European conflicts Causes of American entry into World War I in 1917 1. Sympathy for Great Britain and distrust Germany o Cultural connection with England o Wilson was an Anglophile o Kaiser Wilhelm II o Arthur Zimmerman – Zimmerman Telegram 2. American Economic stake in the Allied cause (trade and loans) 3. Confrontation between U.S. and Germany over Submarine Warfare o Main Issue: Do citizens of neutral nations have the right to travel safely on board ships pf belligerent nations? Lusitania 1915 o Germany announced unrestricted submarine warfare- Why? German Gamble. Two front war for Germany What was Germany thinking? Communist revolution took Russia out of the war New U-boat campaign highly effective, Allies strained for material Germany knew the Americans would declare war, but figured it would take a minimum of 9-12 months to get troops in the field. US thoroughly unprepared and had only a small standing army, an ocean so cross and no contingency plans for a war in Europe. find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com
5 April 1917- a good bet because Germany was on the verge of victory and believed that it would take only 6 months to finish war. Had no intention of fighting the Americans, but they needed to cut off American supplies to defeat Britain and France. March 1917- U-boat sinks 5 American ships April 2- US Senate declares war 4.
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