American Pageant Ch. 3 - Setting the Northern Colonies

Charles ii cause several problems for the colonials

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Charles II cause several problems for the colonials: Puritan hopes of pure find old English church withered and planned to take more direct control of the colony Colonies responded little to the king’s demands 1662 : a sea-to-sea charter was granted to Connecticut which legalize its squander settlements Rhode Island also received a new charter which gave the King sanction to the government 1684: the Bay colony’s charter was revoked by London authorities Andros Promotes the First American Revolution 1686 : the Dominion of New England was created. It contains the same idea as a new England Confederation, but it is directly controlled by London authorities the Dominion and sought to strengthen colonial defense in the event of war with Indians Most importantly Dominion was created to promote urgently needed efficiency in the administration of the English Navigation Law . The navigation log restricted trading with locations not ruled by England, the Americans did not like the confinement and therefore struggling became increasingly common and even honorable occupation. The head of the Dominion is Sir Edmund Andros
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Andros was highly unpopular in new England. She ruthlessly curved cherished town meetings, lay heavy restrictions on courts, the press and schools, and revoke all land titles. Andros is from England, and he does not understand the self-government of the New World 1688 – 1689: the Glorious Revolution , Catholic James II was replaced with Protestant Williams III Dominion of New England collapsed Andros was caught and shipped back to England (he was trying to escape in lady’s cloth but a vision ward neutralized his stealth) 1691 : Massachusetts was arbitrarily made a royal colony, the loss of a permanent charter was a staggering blow to the proud Puritans the privilege of voting was once a monopoly of church members, was now being enjoyed by all qualified male property holders the new monarchs relaxed the Royal grip on colonial trade, and the navigation laws are weakly enforced more English officials – judges, clerks, custom officials are employed in America. Many of these people are corrupt and does not care about American affairs. The Americans resented them. Old Netherlanders at New Netherland Dutch East India Company was virtually a state within a state supporting an army of 10,000 men in a fleet of 190 ships the Dutch Republic is becoming a leading colonial power 1609 : Henry Hudson sailed into Delaware Bay and New York Bay then ascended the Hudson River hoping to discover the shortcut through the continent 1623 – 1624 : new Netherlands was established by the Dutch West India Company for a quick profit for trade the Dutch West India Company bought Manhattan Island from the Indians, which was one of the best moves ever made New Amsterdam – later known as New York City – was a company town New Amsterdam was run by the Dutch company in the interest of stockholders. The investors has no enthusiasm and religious toleration, free speech or Democratic practices the governors are appointed by the company for usually harsh and the spotted New Amsterdam attracted a cosmopolitan population Friction with English and Swedish Neighbors
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  • Fall '15
  • The American, Thirteen Colonies, Plymouth Colony, New Netherland, Massachusetts, Massachusetts Bay Colony

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