An_Introduction_To_APA

Page numbers are not needed for book citations

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Page numbers are not needed for book citations because the book covers every page it has! Our last source is the PBS website. This site does not list an author. If it did, the citation would start with that. Since it does not, the title of the Web page comes first: 3111_wl_rcp_apa1.doc Page 3 of 5
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The American Experience: Eleanor Roosevelt (1999). The American Experience homepage. Alexandria, VA: Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved December 5, 2003, from the World Wide Web: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eleanor/ It is not always possible to find all the information listed in this last citation, but the more you can find, the more reliable the site is likely to be. The year often appears at the bottom next to a copyright symbol (©1999). The organization or author's location can often be found by clicking on the "Contact Us/Me" link that is common on Web pages. The location is followed by the organization operating the site. Finally, it is important to note the date you accessed the site as well as its full URL. If you access many connected sites, you can just list the primary one. For example, the FBI information is not found on this specific URL, but this URL is the main page for Eleanor Roosevelt. The FBI information is linked to on this page. Okay, so at this point, you have done your research and written the reference page. Is the work done? No -- you still have to write the paper! Our concern here, however, is how you identify the information in your paper that you found in outside sources. The best way to do this is parenthetical citation (also called in-text citation), illustrated in the paragraph below: Eleanor Roosevelt had many ties to the U.S. Presidency. Not only was she the niece of President Theodore Roosevelt, she was also the wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. From her first days as First Lady, she challenged the status quo. Her commitment to free speech prompted her to end the tradition of only allowing pre-approved questions from reporters in her press conferences, a move her husband adopted two days later (Lord, 2003). She also strongly believed in the need for global cooperation and was one of the founders of the United Nations (Black, 1996). Her strong convictions did not endear her to everyone, however. J. Edgar Hoover, FBI director at the time, became convinced that her anti-lynching, anti-McCarthy, pro-labor views threatened America's conservative values, and he had his organization keep a careful eye on her, amassing a 3,000 page file on her by the time of her death (The American Experience: Eleanor Roosevelt, 1999). When there is no author, as in the PBS site, the title is used. In the above, all the information has been paraphrased from the sources, meaning that the ideas, but not the words come from these sources. When directly quoting another source (any word-for-word excerpt), it is important to surround the excerpt with quotation marks and then add the page number to the parenthetical citation. Had this
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Page numbers are not needed for book citations because the...

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