The American Experience: Eleanor Roosevelt (1999). The American Experience
Alexandria, VA: Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved December 5,
2003, from the World Wide Web:
It is not always possible to find all the information listed in this last citation, but the
more you can find, the more reliable the site is likely to be.
The year often appears at the
bottom next to a copyright symbol (©1999).
The organization or author's location can
often be found by clicking on the "Contact Us/Me" link that is common on Web pages.
The location is followed by the organization operating the site.
Finally, it is important to
note the date you accessed the site as well as its full URL.
If you access many connected
sites, you can just list the primary one.
For example, the FBI information is not found on
this specific URL, but this URL is the main page for Eleanor Roosevelt.
information is linked to on this page.
Okay, so at this point, you have done your research and written the reference page.
the work done?
No -- you still have to write the paper!
Our concern here, however, is
how you identify the information in your paper that you found in outside sources. The
best way to do this is parenthetical citation (also called in-text citation), illustrated in the
Eleanor Roosevelt had many ties to the U.S. Presidency.
Not only was she the
niece of President Theodore Roosevelt, she was also the wife of President
Franklin D. Roosevelt.
From her first days as First Lady, she challenged the
Her commitment to free speech prompted her to end the tradition of
only allowing pre-approved questions from reporters in her press conferences, a
move her husband adopted two days later (Lord, 2003).
She also strongly
believed in the need for global cooperation and was one of the founders of the
United Nations (Black, 1996).
Her strong convictions did not endear her to
J. Edgar Hoover, FBI director at the time, became convinced
that her anti-lynching, anti-McCarthy, pro-labor views threatened America's
conservative values, and he had his organization keep a careful eye on her,
amassing a 3,000 page file on her by the time of her death (The American
Experience: Eleanor Roosevelt, 1999).
When there is no author, as in the
site, the title is used.
In the above, all the information has been paraphrased from the sources, meaning that
the ideas, but not the words come from these sources.
When directly quoting another
source (any word-for-word excerpt), it is important to surround the excerpt with
quotation marks and then add the page number to the parenthetical citation.