With answer choices provided, students focus on recognizing information rather than recalling or memorising it •By evaluating students’ wrong answers, teachers can see what students misunderstood or need clarified Binary Choice Items What is it? A question with only two response categories is a binary-choice item. In such items, a declarative sentence that makes a claim about content or relationships among content is followed by the two choices. The most popular binary-choice item is the true/false question; other examples include correct/incorrect, yes/no, fact/opinion, agree/disagree, etc. Strengths and Weaknesses •Can be used to assess knowledge, values, opinions (depending on which binary choices are given) •Restrict students' response to two opposing choices, so cannot show a range of values or opinions •Guessing allows students a 50% chance of being right! Matching Items What is it? In a matching item, the items on the left are called the premises. In the right-hand column are the options. The students’ task is to match the correct option with each of the premises. Strengths and Weakness •Effectively assess students’ knowledge and associations/relationships; •Can assess a great amount of factual information within a single topic. Interpretive Exercises What is it? Interpretive exercises contain brief information or data, followed by several questions. The questions are based on the information or data, which can take the form of maps, paragraphs, charts, figures, a story, tables or pictures. Strengths and Weaknesses•Can assess interpretation, analysis, application, critical thinking, and other reasoning skills
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National Curriculum for Pakistan Culture 2010 — Assessment26 •Multiple questions about the same information allow reasoning skills to be measured in greater depth •Allows reasoning skills to be assessed separately from content knowledge of the subject (in other selected-responses, unsuitable answers can be due to students’ lack of knowledge or lack of reasoning skills) •Allows students to focus on applying and connecting knowledge •Uses information in formats that students encounter daily, such as maps and newspaper articles, which increases meaning and relevance of the exercise •Students must use the reasoning skill the exercise asks for, thus teachers can see which skills individual students need more practice with •Exercises are time-consuming to construct (appropriate material must be located/developed, along with multiple questions) •Disadvantages students with poor reading ability •Cannot see students’ ideas or reasoning methods Constructed Response Fill-in Items What is it? Fill-in items assess knowledge by having students complete a statement. They can also ask students to label diagrams or write a one word answer to a short question.
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