Chapter 19 1. Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: (1904) An addendum to the Monroe Doctrine that held that the United States could intervene militarily to prevent interference from European powers in the Western Hemisphere. 2. Dollar Diplomacy: A foreign policy initiative under President William Howard Taft that promoted the spread of American influence through loans and economic investments from American banks. 3. Woodrow Wilsons Moral Imperialism: idea that Americans were "meant to carry liberty and justice throughout the world." 4. Lusitania: An incident in 1915 wherein a British liner was sunk by a German submarine off the coast of Ireland. 5. Zimmerman Telegram: From the German foreign secretary to the German minister in Mexico, February 1917, instructing him to offer to recover Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona for Mexico if it would fight the United States to divert attention from Germany in the event that the United States joined the war 6. 14 Points: President Woodrow Wilson's 1918 plan for peace after World War I; at the Versailles peace conference, however, he failed to incorporate all of the points into the treaty 7. Selective Service Act: Enacted in 1917; required 24 million men to register with the draft. 8. War Industries Board: Run by financier Bernard Baruch, the board planned production and allocation of war materiel, supervised purchasing, and fixed prices, 1917-1919 9. The Espionage Act of 1917: The Espionage Act of 1917 prohibited not only spying and interfering with the draft but also "false statements" that might impede military success 10. The Sedation Act of 1918: In 1918, the Sedition Act made it a crime to make spoken or printed statements that intended to cast "contempt, scorn, or disrepute" on the "form of government," or that advocated interference with the war effort 11. National Association for the Advancement of Color People: Founded in 1910, this civil rights organization brought lawsuits against discriminatory practices and published The Crisis, a journal edited by African-American scholar W. E. B. Du Bois. 12. The Great Migration: Large-scale migration of southern blacks during and after World War I to the North, where jobs had become available during the labor shortage of the war years 13. The Tulsa Riot of 1921: A race riot that occurred in Tulsa, Oklahoma, in 1921, when more than 300 blacks were killed and over 10,000 left homeless after a white mob burned an all-black section of the city to the ground. 14. Garveyites: Followers of Marcus Garvey, for whom freedom meant national self-determination 15. Flu Epidemic of 1919: A worldwide flu epidemic in 1919 that killed between 20 and 40 million persons, including nearly 700,000 Americans 16. Red Scare 1919-1920: Fear among many Americans after World War I of Communists in particular and noncitizens in general, a reaction to the Russian Revolution, mail bombs, strikes, and riots
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