CHUYEN DE DOC HIEU CO DAP AN.docx

Keywords prior to meaning câu h i ỏ t prior to g n

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Keywords: prior to, meaning Câu h i: T “prior to” g n nghĩa nh t v i t nào? Clue: “It would be composed of the children who were born during the period of the high birth rate prior to 1957”: Làn sóng dân s có thành ph n là các tr em sinh ra trong giai đo n t l sinh cao tr c năm ỉ ệ ướ 1957. Phân tích: “Prior to” nghĩa là tr c khi. V y ch n đáp án D. preceding: ướ có tr c. ướ Các đáp án khác không phù h p. A. behind: phía sau B. since: k t khi C. during: trong su t C U TRÚC, T V NG ĐI N HÌNH 1. Mark (n): m c, m c. Eg: They had already passed the a million mark: H đã v t m c m t ượ tri u r i. 2. Catching up (n): s theo k p, b t k p. Eg: He had been away for a year, he had a lot of catching ups to do with his family: Anh y đã xa nhà m t năm, anh y có r t nhi u đi u c n bi t đ n m đ c thông tin v gia ế ượ đình. 3. Expansion (n): s m r ng, bành tr ng. ở ộ ướ Eg: We are impressed by the restaurant’s expansion in series. Chúng tôi r t n t ng v i chu i m r ng c a ấ ấ ượ ở ộ nhà hàng. 4.Undoubtedly (adv): không có nghi ng gì. Eg: She is, undoubtedly, the greatest star of British ballet: y không còn nghi ng gì n a chính là ngôi sao thành công nh t c a ba – lê n c Anh. ướ 5. A growth in something: tăng tr ng, s gia tăng . ưở Eg There has been a recent growth in the the rate of criminals: T l t i ph m g n đây có s gia ỉ ệ ộ tăng. 6. To derive from: b t ngu n t , xu t phát t , chuy n hóa t . Eg: Many English words derive from Latin: Nhi u t Ti ng Anh b t ngu n t ti ng La - ế ế tinh. 7. To reflect: ph n ánh, cho th y. Eg: Our actions reflect our thoughts: Hành đ ng c a chúng ta ph n ánh suy nghĩ c a chúng ta. 8. Society (n): xã h i Eg: We are all members of a society: Chúng ta đ u là thành viên c a m t xã h i. 9. Automobile: (cách nói khác c a car) xe ô tô, xe h i (Anh M ). ơ Eg: It is not difficult to find a job in the automobile industry: Không khó đ có th tìm đ c công vi c trong ượ ngành công nghi p xe h i. ơ 10. To cut down on something: c t gi m s d ng cái gì Eg: Our sister tries to cut down on caffeine: Con gái chúng tôi c g ng c t gi m l ng ượ caffeine
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Exercise 6: [●●○] For more than six million American children, coming home after school means coming back to an empty house . Some deal with the situation by watching TV. Some may hide. But all of them have something in common. They spend part of each day alone. They are called “ latchkey children ”. They are children who look after themselves while their parents work. And their bad condition has become a subject of concern.
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