Appropriate international rules and procedures

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appropriate international rules and procedures regarding liability and redress for damage resulting from transboundary movements of LMOs The first meeting of the Parties has set this process in motion by establishing an Open-ended Working Group of Legal and Technical experts to develop options for a liability and redress regime under the Protocol Negotiations expected to be completed in 2007 26
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Compliance (Article 34) Cooperative procedures and institutional mechanisms to promote compliance and to address cases of non-compliance have been approved at the first meeting of the Parties Among them, a compliance committee composed of 15 experts has been set up 27
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Public awareness and participation (Article 23) Parties are encouraged to: Promote and facilitate public awareness, education and participation concerning the safe transfer and use of LMOs Endeavour to ensure public access to information on LMOs that may be imported Consult the public in the decision-making process regarding LMOs and make the results of such decisions available to the public Inform the public about the means of public access to the Biosafety Clearing-House (BCH) 28
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GMOs in Forestry GM Trees: CBD COP Decision VIII/19 Uncertainties related to potential environmental and socio- economic impacts of GM trees on global forest biological diversity as well as on livelihoods of indigenous/local communities COP recommends Parties to take a precautionary approach when addressing the issue of GM trees CBD’s SBSTTA to assess the potential environmental, cultural and socio-economic impacts of GM trees on the conservation and sustainable use of forest biological diversity and report to COP9 Parties, governments, relevant organizations/stakeholders invited to submit views and information to the Secretariat for inclusion in the assessment. 29
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Conclusions 1. The Protocol is a recognition in international law that LMOs may have adverse effects on biodiversity and human health and that a harmonized international framework regulating transboundary movements of LMOs is indispensable 2. The Protocol endorses and operationalizes the precautionary approach 3. The concept of the advance informed agreement in decision-making regarding import of LMOS is the backbone of the Protocol for LMOs intended for introduction into the environment 4. Capacity building/strengthening is paramount in this regard 5. The exchange of information between all relevant stakeholders via the BCH is indispensable for the functioning of the Protocol 6. The Protocol recognizes the right of States to take more protective measures for biodiversity than what the Protocol requires as long as they are consistent with the objective and provisions of the Protocol 7. It is important that Parties clearly understand their rights and obligations under the Protocol, including the obligation to promote and facilitate public awareness, education and public participation in decision-making regarding LMOs 30
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