Islam had left her lasting impression on the life and culture of the Muslim Filipinos, which include the Maranaos of Lanao, Maguindanaons of Cotabato, Samals of Zamboanga, Yakans of Basilan, and Tausugs of Sulu. The Muslim Filipinos should abide the rules and laws to be followed by all Muslims like the overt expression of belief in Allah and fasting between dawn and sunset during the Ramadan. Friday is a holy day for Muslims. The mosque is their special place of worship and point of convergence for social activity. In most Muslim communities, there is at least one mosque. The muezzin calls the faithful to public prayer. Those who responded should remove their footwear before entering the mosque and aligned themselves in rows and offered prayers in the direction of Mecca. An imam (prayer leader) leads the recitation in Arabic verses from the Qur'an. The Muslim settlers also brought their political system by establishing a series of sultanates in Mindanao. Abu Bakr established his dynasty's legitimacy by claiming to be a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad. In the sultanate form of government, title of political dignitaries, such as sultan (supreme ruler), raja muda (heir apparent), dayang (princess), and kali (judge) became known.
The Islamization of a number of Filipinos led to the introduction of Arabic alphabet, Islamic holidays, and the Arabic arts. Singkil (a Maranao word for "getting a leg or foot entangled in an object") originated from Lanao del Sur. The dancers, with solemn faces and dignified poses, dressed in elegant Muslim costumes begin dancing in a slow pace, which soon progresses to a taster tempo to the rhythmic clapping of crisscrossed bamboos. The ladies gracefully wave big fans while the men glide with brightly colored handkerchiefs. When performed by ladies of the royalty of Lanao, the dance is usually ushered by a waiting lady, who holds an exquisitely embellished umbrella over the Princess' head wherever she goes. Legend has it that singkil originated from the time the dizvatas (nymphs or fairies) played a joke on Princess Gandingan as she was on a stroll. The diwatas caused the trees to tremble and the rocks to roll; however, the princess skipped nimbly from place to place unharmed. In their artworks, the Maranaos used the okir or okkil design, a curvilinear floral design. The different types of okkil design appear as border decoration on the cover and in the pages of the Qur'an. They are also replicated in furniture, boats, farm implements, silverware, brassware, jewelry, and ceramics. Similar okir designs were also made on ancestral houses called torogan. The indigenous bird motif, the sarimanok, is also said to have been developed by the Maranaos. It is decorative in nature, having the appearance of a bird or a rooster holding a fish in its claws or beak.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 386 pages?
- Fall '16
- james reyes
- Datu, early Philippine history, Philippine Library