Bystander Intervention in Emergencies in New York CityIn 1964, a woman was stabbed to death in the middle of a street in Kew Gardens, Queens,and while crimes like these are not considered as a common routine heard on the news, it took weeks for the news of the incident to receive major attention (Lemann, 2014). A.M. Rosenthal, editor of the New York Times, inferred that apathetic bystanders, not just the killer, were to blame for the death of Kitty Genovese. This inference was struck after learning that there were
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SHORTENED TITLE UP TO 50 CHARACTERS3thirty-eight eyewitnesses to the half hour of stabbing and screaming, and no one intervened to assist Genovese as they watched from the safety of their own apartments or even bother to lift a telephone to call the police; a phone call was made after the woman was dead (Rosenthal, 1964). Conclusions from various occupations, such as academics and theologians, professors, preachers and psychologists, ranged from “moral decay” to “Bad Samaritanism” and “existential despair” as they attempt to analyze reasons for such consciousness lack of intervention (Darley & Latané, 1968). Following the plausible explanations, it can be determined from these people that apathy and indifference is the casual explanation for the lack of helping behavior on behalf of the bystanders which reflects the idea that personal long-standing traits mainly influences behavior (Cieciura, 2016). Personality psychologists could raise questions on an individual’s cognition and if they do indeed lack the empathetic trait. However, social psychologists at this time were interested in situational factors that affects an individual’s incentive to help, and as described by Jack Cieciura, “the research question would change in the 1960s to what causes a person to notprovide any help to someone in an emergency situation”. The shift in the question is the primary
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