The role of advocacy against child labour 2015 2 32

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THE ROLE OF ADVOCACY AGAINST CHILD LABOUR 2015: 2 32 Apparently, the advocacy strategy most CSOs pursued failed to influence the inaction on the part of the government. Evaluator after evaluator made recommendations, which were not acted upon. The ILO/IPEC kept on providing money to combat child labour without bothering to reflect on the evaluation reports. This has gone on for over two decades. This whole scenario became challenging when the ILO/IPEC resorted to implementing the programmes itself with the aim of creating modules for the government to emulate, as was well articulated by the officials interviewed from ILO/IPEC offices. The ILO moved with partners that could enable it to produce results in terms of numbers to meet the demands of the donors funding its projects. This simply sidelined the government of Kenya through its Ministry of Labour. The government signed the MoUs, and yearly appeared at ILO meetings in Geneva with reports which were often challenged for matters left unattended by the government in terms of ILO Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour. This led the researchers to conclude that for advocacy to be effective there are pre-conditions. They include resources; capacities of mandated organizations; motivation; education and information; how information is shared and utilized; and above all champions who take action and drive the process forward. Activism and confrontational tools of advocacy could have been applied, especially with the introduction of Time Bound Programme in 2004. Above all, since the institution that is supposed to be in the forefront of the fight against child labour in Kenya appears to be sidelined it is not surprising that child labour is reported by the ILO to be on the increase in sub-Saharan Africa, Kenya included. This situation is exacerbated by the fact that the ILO/IPEC was the implementer of the projects the ILO was raising funds to support under the NAP, which is a government programme (a strategic plan) to eliminate worst forms of child labour in Kenya by 2015. The uncoordinated efforts of donors may also thwart advocacy efforts as the field gets crowded. The two large US government departments appear not to synchronize activities with the ILO. The least they should have done is to find out how far the Government of Kenya was implementing or up-scaling the models the ILO had been generating in Kenya. The Hague Global Child Labour Conference in 2010 produced the Roadmap for Achieving the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour by 2016 which was adopted by acclamation. The Roadmap contains seven (7) Principles to guide actions to be undertaken by governments, social partners, civil society organizations and international organizations. This Roadmap is being driven by the ILO in collaboration with its partners as reflected in the subsequent Global Child Labour Conferences.
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  • Spring '17
  • Districts of Kenya, Nairobi, Child labour, Ministry of Labour

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