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Two months later tehran announced that engineers had

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-Two months later, Tehran announced that engineers had begun loadingfuel into the Bushehr plant and they were rapidly increasing theirnuclearfuel processing capacity. (They were taunting the West.)-The European Union announced a ban on Iranian oil imports that cameinto forcein July 2012. The EU had been buying 20% of Iran's oil exports.-Israel and the USA are afraid that Iran would use nuclear weapons againstIsrael,or give them to the Syrian government or other enemies of Israel.-Beyamin Netanyahu, PM of Israel, would prefer a pre-emptive militarystrike todestroy Iran’s nuclear facilities; others prefer diplomacy.-The sanctions by many countries really hurt the Iranian economy, thevalue ofthe rial (Iranian currency) fell sharply, and many people suffered.If attacked, Iran has threatened to closetheStrait of Hormuz for Oil Tankers
The Strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf is the shipping point formore than20 per cent of the world's petroleum and 80% of theoil produced in theMiddle East.Success At Last? An Agreement-In July, 2015, after 20 months of negotiations, Iran agreed to along-termnuclear deal with the P5+1 group of world powers -the US, UK, France,China and Russia plus Germany - to limit itsnuclear activities in return forthe lifting of crippling sanctions.
Iran will redesign the Arak reactor so it cannot produce any weapons-grade plutoniumThe General Iranian Nuclear Agreement (2016)-Iran must significantly scale back its nuclear activities for 15 years.-Nuclear R&D can start in 8 years.-Iran’s uranium stockpile will be reduced by 98% for 15 years.-Inspectors from the global nuclear watchdog, the International AtomicEnergyAgency (IAEA), will continuously monitor Iran's declared nuclearsites and also verifythat no nuclear material is moved to a hidden site toproduce bombs-Despite fierce opposition from the Republican party in the USA, PresidentObamaapproved the agreement.-Iran would only win major sanctions relief once it has carried out a wholeseries ofmeasures to scale back its nuclear program and infrastructure.-The agreement was implemented in early 2016 and Iran complied.Donald Trump Steps In (2018)-Trump abandoned the nuclear deal because Iran was developing missiles(which wasnot covered by the agreement) and because the agreementshould not have atimeline of 15 years, etc., but rather be for all time.-He was primarily getting advice from Israel and Saudi Arabia, who praisedhisdecision.-Trump also re-imposed tariffs on Iran, including not allowing any foreigninvestmentfrom any company in the world that does business in the USA.-He called this the “maximum pressure campaign” to hurt the Iranianeconomy,which is certainly has achieved.-The other partners to the agreement are very angry with Trump.

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Term
Fall
Professor
unknow
Tags
Islam, Afghan Taliban

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