#9. The ideas expressed in the passage above most clearly show the influence of which of the following?
a. The principles of federalism and separation of powers
b. The use of states’ rights for the defense of slavery
c. Resistance to initiatives for democracy and inclusion
d. Public debates about how to set national goals and priorities
#10. The sentiments expressed in the excerpt above were most directly a result of which the following?
For questions #11-12 refer to the excerpt below
“The van of the Caucasian race now atop the Rocky Mountains, and spread down upon the shores of the Pacific. In a
few years a great population will grow up there, luminous with the accumulated lights of European and American
civilization. Their presence in such a position cannot be without its influence upon eastern Asia.…Civilization, or
extinction has been the fate of all people who found themselves in the track of the advancing Whites, and
civilization, always the preference of the Whites, has been pressed as an object, while extinction has followed as a
consequence of its resistance. The Black and Red races have often felt their ameliorating influence.”
Congressional Speech by Senator Thomas Hart Benton, 1846
, May 28, 1846.
#11. The passage above was most likely a reaction to which of the following events or processes?
#12. The excerpt above is best understood in the context of the
For questions 13-15 refer to the excerpt below
“It is a fact well known to every intelligent Southerner that we are compelled to go to the North for almost every
article of utility and adornment, from shoepegs and paintings to cotton-mills, steamships and statuary…owing to the
absence of a proper system of business amongst us, the North becomes, in one way or another, the proprietor and
dispenser of all our floating wealth, and that we are dependent on Northern capitalists…and that, instead of building
up…our own States, cities, and towns, we have been spending our substance at the North, and are daily augmenting
and strengthening the very power which now has us so completely under its thumb.…It is not so much in its moral