218 Giuseppe Valadier with Louis Martin Berthault Piazza del Popolo and Pincian

218 giuseppe valadier with louis martin berthault

This preview shows page 118 - 121 out of 280 pages.

project, Rome, 1810. 2.18 Giuseppe Valadier with Louis-Martin Berthault, Piazza del Popolo and Pincian Hill gardens,, Rome, 1813–25
Image of page 118
French requirements of clarity and the irregularities of the site.The Conseil des Bâtiments Civils sent Louis-Martin Berthault, Empress Josephine’s personal architect and specialized garden designer, to aid in resolving these problems. He created precise drawings of the existing conditions and proposed a series of rigid stairs up the hill, a martial version of the “Spanish” Steps nearby.This dismayed de Tournon, who trusted instead the experience of the local designer. In resolution, a collaboration between Valadier and Berthault was set. Berthault introduced many good ideas that had not occurred to Valadier, like a strong vertical link up the face of the crossing terraces. More importantly, the Parisian garden designer eliminated Valadier’s fence, dismantling the demarcation between garden and piazza.The simple act brought the garden’s lowest circular geometries to shape the unresolved piazza space.Trees were planted around the semicircular perimeters.The integration of such a green space into the structure of the city was for Rome entirely new.The distinction between garden and city became gentle and fluid and subtly controlled through rising levels and sight lines.The exedra walls and plantings hide the ascending ramps crossing back and forth.A cascading water chain, tapping Camillo Borghese’s supply, was implemented. Never before in Rome had garden greenery been called to play such an important complementary role to built urban form.The new geometry of the Piazza del Popolo brought the initial piazza of Rome in closer formal relationship to the Piazza of Saint Peter’s.The designs of the Festa della Federazione staged at Saint Peter’s also offer us keys to reading the sculptural iconography planned for the Piazza del Popolo.There are trophies on rostral columns, ancient deities and river gods, seasons, sphinxes, dolphins and figures of Dacian captives, spoils from Trajan’s Forum. Berthault left Valadier to carry out the project, but in January 1814, the French left Rome altogether after Napoleon’s fall at Leipzig. Pius VII was returned to his restored seat, and he entered the city at a Piazza del Popolo still under construction.As in so many of the long-term projects initiated by Napoleon, Pius VII maintained continuities of administrative structures and on-going planning projects without interruption, and in this case, with nearly imperceptible changes to the program. Like all Napoleon’s projects 119 the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900
Image of page 119
for Italian cities, the Piazza del Popolo and the Pincian garden promenade fulfilled its primary function of genteel socialization of the population.The French brought to the fore the inherent social program of architecture, endowing Rome with a multivalent public space, completing the long evolution of the Piazza del Popolo with a solution as dynamically innovative as it was thoroughly in tune with the tradition and meanings of the place.
Image of page 120
Image of page 121

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 280 pages?

  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors