Afrika Bambaataa (born April 19, 1957) is an American DJ from the South Bronx, New York who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1980s. Inspired by DJ Kool Herc began hosting hip hop parties in 1982. Afrika Bambaataa is one of the three originators of break-beat deejaying and is respectfully known as the "Grandfather" and "Godfather" and The Father of The Electro Funk Sound. Through his co-opting of the street gang the Black Spades into the music and culture-oriented Universal Zulu Nation, he is responsible for spreading hip hop culture throughout the world. He created "turntablism" as its own sub-genre and the ratification of "electronica" as an industry-certified trend in the late 1990s. Afrika Bambaataa*, influenced by Kraftwerk, created electro funk, a minimalist machine_driven style of funkwith his single "Planet Rock"* in 1982. *Also known simply as electro, this style of funk was driven by synthesizers and the electronic rhythm of the TR_808 drum machine.
Rapping/ EmCeeing:Emceeing is the rhythmic spoken delivery of rhymes and wordplay, delivered over a beat or without accompaniment. Rapping is derived from the griots (folk poets) of West Africa, and Jamaican_style toasting. Rap developed both inside and outside of hip hop culture, and began with the street parties thrown in the Bronx Rapping vs. Emceing:The rapping of 1970s MCs were replaced by highly metaphoric lyrics rapping over complex, multi-layered beats. MCing is more metaphorically advanced and more rhythmically complex than rap. The work of MC's such as Melle Mel, Grand Master Flash, Rakim, Chuck D & KRS_One did much to help hip hop be taken seriously as a mature art form rather than as a novelty.Breaks:The isolation of one particular section of a musical composition, in order to serve as a vamp for an Emcee, or for B-Boys/B-Girls to dance to. Because the percussive breaks were generally short, Herc and other DJs began extending them using an audio mixer and two records. Traditionally, a DJ will use two turntables simultaneously. These are connected to a DJ mixer, an amplifier, speakers, and various other pieces of electronic music equipment.Dee Jaying:a. Mixing/cutting,b. Scratchingc. Spinningd. Samplinge. Song choice/criteriaSuch looping, sampling and remixing of another's music, sometimes without the original artist's knowledge or consent, can be seen as an evolution of Jamaican dub music, and would are a hallmark of the hip hop style.