Possible ada implications if deemed a medical exam

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Possible ADA implications If deemed a medical exam, it’s illegal to use a pre-employment screening device o Possible disparate impact/treatment o Possible faking - Personality and Validity o Reliability of personality measures most are relatively reliable o Some traits show Validity across jobs like Conscientiousness – most valid o Other traits could be Valid for different jobs Based on job requirements o Jobs with technical expertise requirements are a “stronger” situation Strong norms for behavior Integrity Tests (4) measure people’s trustworthiness, honesty, moral character, and reliability - Overt (clear purpose) o Based on characteristics of the “typical” employee-thief
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More tempted to steal Engages in common rationalizations for theft Would recommend lighter punishment for thieves Think others steal more than they actually do Show loyalty to other thieves Vulnerable to peer pressure to steal o Most people who seal on the job, most likely steals in real life means these people have a different interpretation on what is normal - Personality (veiled or general purpose) o Treat integrity as an aspect of personality o Questions are usually embedded in a personality inventory and are less obviously a measure of integrity Questions normally focus more on Impulse control Home life Risk taking behavior Diligence Emotional stability - In general, these are valid predictors of counterproductive behaviors - No adverse impact * - Uncorrelated with intelligence - Problems with wrong classification … pass/fail o Social stigma associated with “failing” - Most large companies use them - Only use this in certain situations or when there are problems present Work Sample/ Performance Tests (5) requires employee to do some aspect of the job (on the job – actual experience… off the job – use stimulator - Validity depends on the extent to which the work sample is representative and/or focus on key components of the job o How representative of the work sample compared to simulation … does it test all dimensions of the job? - Generally expensive to develop $ - May show adverse impact, but more research is needed o Highly content-valid Assessment Centers (6 ) specific variety of work sample tests that are popular for managerial selection Medical and Drug Tests (7) – anything done by a doctor - Physicals and medical tests o ADA issues How key is the physical/mental characteristic? Done before or after selection? - Drug tests – issue – thickness of hair among nationalities - Medical Exams should be performed after an offer has been mad o Or for physical labor intensive jobs
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