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Allies, Unconditional SurrenderThe Allied powers made a pact to fight until the Axis powers surrendered unconditionally. This might have discouraged German andJapanese citizens from overthrowing their governments, but it also solidified the alliance between the Allied powers. Battle of Stalingrad, 1942-1943After capturing Crimea, Hitler’s generals wanted to move onto the Caucasus oilfields. Hitler wanted to invade Stalingrad, because of the message it would send out to all Russians. In the city the German army
was faced with heavy house to house urban combat. The battle ended in the surrender of the German Sixth Army.Allies advance westThe Allies tricked the Germans as to the location of the invasion force that would come across from Britain and land in France. On June 6th1944 the Allies sent the invasion force. An indecisive German responseled to the Allies landing 2 million men and half a million vehicles in 3 months. These forces broke through the German lines and managed to liberate Paris by the end of August. By March 1945, the Allies were at the Rhine, and soon thereafter had linked up with the Soviets.Soviet offensive in the eastThe German High Command advised Hitler to build defensive fortifications to halt the Soviet advance. Hitler decided instead to attack with his new panzers and was soundly defeated at the Battle of Kursk. The Soviets began to reoccupy all the territory they had lost andmore. Fate of HitlerIn January 1945 Hitler had moved into an underground bunker to attempt to command his forces using an old map. It made no differenceGermany had lost the war. On April 30, Hitler committed suicide. Before taking his life Hitler, in his final political statement, blamed the Jewish people for the war and his defeatSurrender of Nazi Germany, 1945On May 7thGermany surrendered to the invading Allied forces. Defeat of Japan, 1945In 1943, American forces had begun the offensive and slowly conducted and Island hopping Campaign liberating them from Japanese control. They were nearing the Japanese mainland. President Truman and his advisers realized a ground invasion into Japan would be a very a costly affair. They instead they decided to drop the world’s first atomic bombs into Japan. The Japanese surrendered unconditionally on August 14, 1945. Words of Adolf Hitler - 1928[W]ithout consideration of "traditions" and prejudices, it [Germany] must find the courage to gather our people and their strength for an advance along the road that will lead this people from its present restricted living space to new land and soil, and hence also free it from the danger of vanishing from the earth or of serving others as a slave nation.For it is not in colonial acquisitions that we must see the solution of this problem, but exclusively in the acquisition of a territory for settlement, which will enhance the area of the mother country, and hence not only keep the new settlers in the most intimate community with the land of their origin, but secure for the total area those advantageswhich lie in its unified magnitude.