Charlemagne (742-814)- He realized the value of education. The church conducted the little educating that was carried on, mainly to induct people to the faith. Alcuin (735-804)- He was a former teacher in England and was Charlemagne’s chief educational advisor. The Revival of Learning- Between 1000/1300 humankind slowly regained a thirst for education. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)- Helped to change the church’s views on learning. He formalized Scholasticism. Medieval Universities- The revival of learning brought on the establishment of medieval universities. Education in Transition (1300-1700)- During 1300/1700 the Renaissance and the Reformation took place. The Renaissance- The common people were thought to be unworthy of education and that they only existed to serve royalty. The Renaissance represented a rebellion of the common people. Vittorino Da Feltre (1378-1446)- He was an influential educator and from the Eastern Alps region. He believed that education was important and helped to rekindle an interest and value in the human knowledge. Erasmus (1466-1536)- One f the most famous humanistic educators. Two of his books, The Right Method of Instruction and The Liberal Education of Boys formed a humanistic theory of education. The Reformation- The Church and the Pope had an enormous influence over European royalty. Luther (1483-1546)- Published his ninety-five theses, which stated his disagreements with the Roman Catholic Church. Luther felt that the Church has misinterpreted the Bible. Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1566)- He established the Society of Jesuits. They worked to establish schools. Comenius (1592-1670)- His books were the first books to contain illustrations. He was most concerned in developing the increasing interest in Science. Locke (1632-1704)- He was an influential English educator. He viewed the child mind is a blank slate, the thought that educators needed to create a non-threatening learning environment. Educational Awakening (1700)- Educational process was slow and developed in only a few places through the 17 th century. The Age of Reason- The beginning period of education. The people who joined this movement were known as rationalists, because of the faith they had placed in human rational power. Descartes and Voltaire- The work of Descartes laid the foundations for rationalism, this philosophy evolved into three axioms. These axioms influenced Voltaire, an articulate writer. Fredrick The Great (1712-1786)- He was an influential leader during the Age of Reason, he supported the notion that education was of value. Passed laws that required teachers to have licenses to teach. Mortality and Education- Early education attempted to instill the students and the morals and beliefs in the society that they lived in. The Emergence of Common Man- Common people should receive some form of basic education.
Rousseau (1712-1778)- He was a Philosopher not an educator. He thought the aim of education should be to return the human beings to their natural state. His educational views became known as naturalism.
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