(written by 19-year-old David Graber before burying the milk cans in August 1942) · People wrote autobiographies and collected song from singers on the streets, children’s essays about how the war changed their lives, and medical studies about impacts of malnutrition on the human body that have been published, kept official notices · After the war they buried documents in milk cans and did anthropological studies · Discussion · January 30, 1933: Hitler became chancellor · February 1933: Reichstag Fire by “communist” o Gets Hitler in a position to show threat of communists · March- enabling act o Gives Hitler absolute power o Dachau: communists are imprisoned · April 1, 1933: April Boycott o Jewish businesses o Medical and legal practices o Nationwide o Early concrete manifestation of regime’s anti-Semitism demonstrated that they had the infrastructure to boycott · April 7, 1933: civil service law/ Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service o First legislation that targets Jews o Included teachers, government workers, o Exception if you served in the war or had that job before a certain year o Hindenburg pushed Hitler to make this exception o The idea of the exception gave people hope because the people who had the exception were not hit so hard and didn’t think it was as bad as it could be
o Defines for the first time what a Jew is: 1 non-Aryan grandparent · September 15, 1935: Nuremberg Laws o Reich citizenship law Jews are second class citizens o Law for preservation of German blood and German honor o Redefinition of a Jew: 3 grandparents means Jewish · March, 1938: Anschluss- annex Austria o A lot of Austrians wanted to be a part of Germany o Start seeing Adolf Eichmann later goes to Vienna and tries to make the process more efficient (gets title “Jew expert”) · July 1938: Evian Conference o Refugee crisis and there was a lot of pressure on FDR to take the Jews so organized a conference o Hitler took away that no one cared about Jews- hypocrisy · November 10, 1938: Kristallnacht o 30,000 Jewish men rounded up o Showed people it was no longer safe to be a Jew in Germany o Desecration of Jewish property, burning of Jewish synagogues, homes invaded · September 1, 1939 : war started · Few weeks before there was Nonaggression pact/Molotov Ribbentrop o Germany didn’t want a 2 front war told Stalin they would not invade him about secret clause- partition of Poland o Western part of Poland is annexed by Germany o Eastern part belongs to Soviet Union o Central part is general government/General Gouvernement (this is where there was experimentation of what to do with the Jews) February 25, 2014 Lecture · Key idea of today’s class: policies that Nazis directed against other outside groups and how those two were based upon inequality
· Nazis at many levels were committed to improving racial stock/biological quality of the German nation ·
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