Who were the first generation of modern dance choreographers?Martha Graham(1894-1991)-inspired by Greek tragedies, biblical stories and psychological explorations.Doris Humphrey(1895-1958)- Early choreographic works were more lyrical in nature (similar to Isadora Duncan).Later works dealt with human relationships and social vision.Charles Weidman(1901-1953)-Choreography was comedic and abstract, and included rhythmic pantomime.Lester Horton(1906-1953)- Inspired by native American culture and dancing.What techniques did the following first-generationmodern dance pioneers create through their choreography and teachings?Martha Graham: Contraction and Release.Doris Humphrey: Fall and Recovery.Charles Weidman: Rhythmic Pantomime.List 2 human movements theorists who influenced forerunners and pioneers of modern dance :Francois Delsarte(1811-1871)- a 19thcentury music teacher who developed a system of categorized movement for the purpose of enhancing freedom and relaxation.Emile Jaques-Dalcroze(1865-1950)- A swiss music professor who created “eurhythmics”, a system aimed at improving expressiveness and musicality.Identify the following individuals and their role and/or legacy in modern dance history:Lester Horton- In 1946, Horton opened the Dance Theater in Los Angeles, a performance space and dance academy where he created his long-standing legacy of Horton Dance Technique practiced internationally today.Rudolf Van Laban- He established choreology, the discipline of dance analysis, and invented a system of dance notation, now known as Labanotation.Erick Hawkins- Hawkins was the first male dancer to join Martha Graham’s company(1938).Merce Cunningham- Inventor of “Chance Dance”, a semi-improvisational form of choreography.Paul Taylor- Many of his works are considered “dualistic”, combining content that is both light and dark.Jose Limon- Choreographed the Moors Pavane(1949), a 21-minute dance depicting the story of Othello.Bella Lewitsky- Fought an anti-obscenity pledge (National Endowment for the Arts) deemed unconstitutional after Lewitsky and her company filed a lawsuit in 1991.
Describe Alvin Ailey’s iconic revelations dance.Revelations is considered one of Alvin Ailey’s signature dance works.The dance is rooted in ”blood memories of Ailey’s childhood in rural Texas and the Baptist Church.Ailey used African American spirituals, song-sermons, gospel songs and holy blues as inspiration for the dance.The Judson Dance Theater began in 1962, where a collective of dancers, composers and visual artists experimentations evolved into postmodern dance. Be able to list at least 2 concepts sharedin class, explored by postmodern choreographers/participants.Short essay format:As modern dance continued to evolve through the 20thcentury, the choreographic ideas and intentions behind dance shifted from the first generations of modern dance choreographers to the second generation of modern dance choreographers. Considering the profile on Martha Graham and the excerpt of Biped by Merce Cunningham, how did these 2 modern dance choreographers differ in their approach to creating a dance? What similarity in dance did they share?