(Aggleton & Parker, 2002, 2010; Coleman, 2010; Correa, Mcintyre, Rodriguez, Paiva, & Marks, 2005; Correa, Petchesky, & Parker, 2009; Miller, 2000; Petchesky, 2003).Human sexual rights violations can destroy sexual well-being, and possibly life itself. These violations may include forcing people to have sex, to have abortions, or to be sterilized, thus denying people the right to contraceptives, executing or imprisoning people because of their sexual or gender orientations, and forcing people to have their genitals altered as well as being raped and sexually coerced (Correa et al., 2009; Hunt, 2007; Joffe, 2009). The United States has led the way in some areas of sexuality rights, but in other areas, such as reproductive and transgender rights, it has fallen behind.Page 26Globally, human rights policies increasingly include sexual health and well-being among their stated goals. Countries as diverse as Australia, Brazil, Costa Rica, India, the Netherlands, and Sweden consider sexual well-being to be critical to their public health policies. Not only have some nations passed laws to support these rights, but they have also aligned themselves through international organizations and treaties, especially the United Nations, to advance sexual well-being (Correa et al., 2009). Some countries, however, oppose abortion of all kinds and rights of all kinds for sexual minorities and actively work against them (Sexuality Policy Watch, 2008).Although sexuality as a human right is laden with the politics and controversies of individual countries, research surrounding these rights is more generally helping to reveal the extent of the most vulnerable sexual populations globally. This research helps to create more humane discussions about how rights interact with such factors as poverty in challenging sexual health and well-being (Coleman, 2010; Correa et al., 2009; Merry, 2006; Petchesky, 2003). In the country of South Africa, for example, by understanding these dynamics, researchers were able to improve the sexual health of poor young women and their families.