Choses life of a nun vs male domination in marriage

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- Choses life of a nun vs male domination in marriage- Wrote extensively on gender injustices, sciences- church eventually “breaks her will”- Dies after repenting of her “sins of curiosity”Patriarchy in the New World- Men, in the form of “fathers” dominate-Old World established tradition tied to linage- Two worlds: “worlds of men,” outside the home“world of women” domestic, housekeeping- the World of Men follows notion of “Divine Succession: God, pope , Conquistadors, Cuadillio.Its a world full of authority and challenge- Male authority, masculine role- Male arrogance- Male domination (especially of women)- Male sexual prowess (as opposed to women’s sexual ignorance)- Male progeny- The legacy of machismo makes Hispanic men adored and fearedThe worlds of Women follows her ‘Nature’- Divine mother (Mary) – Blessed Protectress– married women/ nun. It’s a world ofsubmission of service-Female submission- Domesticity (or religiosity)- “Mother” as “Mary”, “the virgin”- Sexual parity, sexual chastity, virginity
- Under “men” all her life- Service, virtue, suffering- Hispanic women are either cast as ideal moms, cooks, or sex bombs… in the culture there is nomiddleRule through Religious Education- Schools, universities, missions, convents- Teachers are predominantly Friars: Jesuits, Franciscans prevail here- Secular theological education “one”- Notion of “scholastic privilege”- you are pure blood, haven’t been diluted with Indian orAfrican blood- Goal to bring people into religious conformity so the church doesn’t lose power- The great divide: economics, social status,The Beginning of the Meltdown- What factors begin to weakling Spain and Portugal’s hold on the new world?- Indigenous revolts: New World discontents. Many continuous, but scattered impacts- Rise of the Bourbons in Spain, 1700’s Carlos IV- The Enlightenment “liberty, equality, fraternity”- Napoleonic Wars: all over Europe, British naval sovereignty defies Spain on the seas9/20/16Social Structure – Of ColonialColonial Latin America’s Caste System- When Spanish and Portuguese colonies were established in central and south America a saysystem formed- One’s social class was directed tied to how “pure” his blood was and his place of birth- The kings wanted to keep the colonies under their control only have “loyal” people in office- “Castas” or castes were formed to identify mestijesFractions by Fractions- There were various levels in society, in between the mains groups, based on blood quantum.Ex: castizos=% Europeans no more than ¼ Amerindian- Derogatory slurs- Baptismal information, info kept in church, who married who? Thought that church conspiredto keep classes “castas” alive.Functions of Social Structure- Iberian-descent individuals were to keep the power- To distinguish between “gente de razon” (people of reason= Iberians) and “gente sin razon”(people without reason=mixed) races and non-acculturated Indians, Africans- Created by Europeans elite . Central notion based on principle that people varied due to theirorigins, ethnic type, color, race

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Term
Fall
Professor
V.Gil

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