Relatively integrated masses didnt really join into

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(relatively integrated); masses didn’t really join into salons / coffee houses; literacy increasing; looked more like an unruly group; greater use of alcohol – seen as chaotic / disorderly; sporting events; religious works were the most important; people were interested in almanacs (popular to them) – philosophy, horoscopes, weather, etc French Revolution Social, political, & economic causes The Three Estates: - Clergy : 1% of population with 10% of land; wealth & privileges; gave taxes to the poorer (tithe – went to the monastery) - Nobility : great wealth & taxed the peasantry; 400,000 people; have an office-holding; no functional position in society; 2-5% of population with 25% of land; exempt of taxation - Everyone else : bourgeoisie; wealthy people could be in there; peasantry (not a member of clergy or nobility); 8% of population with 20% of land; bought land and exploited peasants on it; most important group politically – had no say in politics though (??); by 1788, important to be educated and rich o Peasants : vast majority of population; paid the most taxes; had to do labor services (& to their landlord) – owned 40% of land;
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