The nature of right and wrong in terms of gods

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the nature of right and wrong in terms of God’s commands, other forms of the generic view make morality depend on what God wills or intends with regard to human action. For a discussion of the significance of such differences in the formulation of such theological views, see Murphy, 2008 cited in Further Reading. 4. 2. We might attempt to capture something of the contrast between things with intrinsic value and things having extrinsic value by distinguishing those things with regard to which God issues commands—things having what we might call fundamental goodness or badness—from those things that, because they are instrumental in bringing about what is fundamentally good or bad, can be said to have derivative value. But since this complication does not matter for our purposes, I will ignore it. 4. 3. Strictly speaking, this characterization makes everything that is intrinsically good something that human beings are in a position to do something about. But surely there could be things or states of affairs that are intrinsically good but are beyond the range of what humans can either bring about or preserve (perhaps because they are in some remote corner of the universe that we will never experience). (I thank Robert Audi for calling my attention to this problem.) To fix this defect, either we can restrict these characterizations to only those things, experiences, and states of affairs that humans can do something about, or we
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