Campeanu- The Revolution- The beginnig of the transition.pdf

The most disheartening re flections on the romanian

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ical function written into its nature. The most disheartening re- flections on the Romanian revolution claim that it changed noth- ing but the actors. In other words, it did not fulfill its function of overthrowing the dictatorship; it produced only a replacement of one actor with another. The proponents of this view generally conclude that the revolution was diverted, or betrayed, or stolen. In any case, it did not succeed, and, therefore, there was no revolution. This implies the debatable idea that unlike wars, which can be won or lost, there can only be triumphant revolutions—a failed revolution is no revolution at all. The bicentennial of the French revolution has shown the
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THE REVOLUTION 925 tremendous slowness with which society gains theoretical mastery over such a shock. It is no wonder that in Romania, as well as in other countries, the revolution of December has become the subject of literature more inclined to speculation than analysis. Sometimes allusive, other times forthright, this literature assigns to the Romanian revolution the function of a negation either of the actor, or the political regime (dictator- ship of the Ceausescu clan), or the Stalinist social order. The interpretation that we propose is that the revolution, which was predominantly social in nature, fulfilled all three of these functions, the last of which also subsumes the other two. Seen from this perspective, the primary achievements and limits of the December revolution appear to be: Achievements: (1) The abolition of the authority acting as global regulator of social activity and of the planned economy. So far, this revolu- tionary negation has proved to be not only effective but also irreversible. The postrevolutionary society has produced no en- tity that can take over these functions; on the contrary, it has created a social environment in which such functions have be- come impossible to carry out. The revolutionary negation has simultaneously suppressed the structural element (the authority, the function, and the scaffolding which supported it directly— the Party, the security police) and the symbol by the physical destruction of the pair who personified this structure. (2) Along with the global regulator, the command-and-obey relationship was also demolished as a social relation and thus as the substance of the Stalinist social structure, defined by the cleavage between the commanders and the commanded. Limits: (1) The outcome of the December revolution has a general limit, common to all revolutions, namely, its clearly negative effect.
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926 SOCIAL RESEARCH (2) It destroyed the global regulator specific to the Stalinist order, but did not replace it with another operational means of regulating economic activity. Consequently, forced regulation was not replaced by a competitive regulation formula but by deregulation. (3) Likewise, the revolution destroyed the social relation- ships of subordination and, thus, the social structure corre- sponding to their primacy. However, it did not replace them with an alternative system of relations sufficiently stable arid functional to endow the society with a different structure. As a
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  • Spring '14
  • AnitaC.Pritchard
  • Sociology

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