2 a intensional an intensional definition is one

Info icon This preview shows pages 12–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2. a) Intensional. An intensional definition is one where the meaning of the word or phrase is specified by picking out features or properties. In this case, being an organ capable of causing pain is a property used to define “bladder.” See pp. 178–181. 3. b) No. The rule of equivalence applies to non-conventional definitions and states that the definition of the word or phrase must be equivalent to the standard or expected meaning. In this case, it doesn’t seem to be part of the usual meaning of “bladder” that it is an organ capable of causing pain. See pp. 184–185. 4. b) No. The rule of essential characteristics applies to intensional definitions and states that the definition of the word or phrase must pick out important or essential features, rather than insignificant or tangential ones. In this case, it does not seem to be essential to being a bladder that it is capable of causing pain. See p. 185. 5. a) Yes. The rule of clarity applies to all definitions and states that the definition of the word or phrase must help to clarify or explain its meaning. In this case, knowing that a bladder is an organ does somewhat explain its meaning. See pp. 185–186. 6. a) Yes. The rule of neutrality applies to all definitions and states that the definition of the word or phrase must avoid the use of emotional language or euphemisms. In this case, there is no emotional language or euphemisms. See p. 186. Passage 10 1. b) Non-conventional. A conventional definition is one where the meaning of the word or phrase is specified and deviates at least somewhat from its ordinary meaning. In this case, the intent seems to be to match the usual meaning. See pp. 178–181. 2. a) Intensional. An intensional definition is one where the meaning of the word or phrase is specified by picking out features or properties. In this case, the definition does not refer to objects, and does refer to properties. See pp. 178–181. 3. a) Yes. The rule of equivalence applies to non-conventional definitions and states that the definition of the word or phrase must be equivalent to the standard or expected meaning. In this case, that seems true, in that mathematics can reasonably be seen as the study of numbers, their properties, and the rules that govern them. See pp. 184–185. 4. a) Yes. The rule of essential characteristics applies to intensional definitions and states that the definition of the word or phrase must pick out important or essential features, rather than insignificant or tangential ones. In this case, that seems true, in that it seems important to mathematics that it is the study of numbers, their properties, and the rules that govern them. See p. 185. 5. a) Yes. The rule of clarity applies to all definitions and states that the definition of the word or phrase must help to clarify or explain its meaning. In this case, the definition seems to help to explain the meaning of “mathematics.” See pp. 185–186.
Image of page 12

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Good Reasoning Matters! A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking , Fifth Edition © Oxford University Press Canada, 2012 6. a) Yes.
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern