stay loyal and buy more. This, in turn, means greater long-run returns for the firm. Here, we discuss the outcomes of creating customer value: customer loyalty and retention, share of market and share of customer, and customer equity. Creating Customer Loyalty and Retention Good customer relationship management creates customer satisfaction. In turn, satisfied customers remain loyal and talk favourably to others about the company and its products. Studies show big differences in the loyalty of customers who are less satisfied, somewhat satisfied, and completely satisfied. Even a slight drop from complete satisfaction can create an enormous drop in loyalty. Thus, the aim of customer relationship management is to create not only customer satisfaction but also customer delight. Keeping customers loyal makes good economic sense. Loyal customers spend more and stay around longer. Research also shows that it’s five times cheaper to keep an old customer than acquire a new one. Conversely, customer defections can be costly. Losing a customer means losing more than a single sale. It means losing the entire stream of purchases that the customer would make over a lifetime of patronage. Growing Share of Customer Beyond simply retaining good customers to capture customer lifetime value, good customer relationship management can help marketers increase their share of customer—the share they get of the customer’s purchasing in their product categories. Thus, banks want to increase “share of wallet.” Supermarkets and restaurants want to get more
“share of stomach.” Car companies want to increase “share of garage,” and airlines want greater “share of travel.” To increase share of customer, firms can offer greater variety to current customers. Or they can create programs to cross-sell and up-sell in order to market more products and services to existing customers. Building Customer Equity We can now see the importance of not only acquiring customers but also keeping and growing them. After all, the value of a company comes from the value of its current and future customers. Customer relationship management therefore takes a long-term view: Companies want not only to create profitable customers but also to “own” them for life, earn a greater share of their purchases, and capture their customer lifetime value. What is Customer Equity? The ultimate aim of customer relationship management is to produce high customer equity. Customer equity is the total combined customer lifetime values of all the company’s current and potential customers. As such, it’s a measure of the future value of the company’s customer base. Clearly, the more loyal the firm’s profitable customers, the higher its customer equity. Customer equity may be a better measure of a firm’s performance than current sales or market share. Whereas sales and market share reflect the past, customer equity suggests the future.
- Spring '15
- Marketing, Customer relationship management