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explored what made the contributions to personality in young adulthood unique over and above any observed temporal stability in personality [Boh13]. This article was prevalent in showing 6
Running Header: Environmental Influences on Personality: Childhood Experiences that attachment and personality dimensions have a significant relation. One of the most meaningful things this study was able to provide answers for was who a person is and what makes him/her that way[Boh13].What is the hypothesis of the study? In other words, what claims do the authors make in the article?The hypothesis of the study the authors presented children do indeed fit the criteria used in the Five-factor model although evidence for openness is weaker than others. The five dimensions in the model are agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, neuroticism, and openness. The researchers had little to no expectations between attachment and personality. One thing which they did expect was a concurrent link between unresolved/ disorganized attachment status and high openness in young adulthood [Boh13]". What variables (factors) are being looked at as an influence on personality? How are these factors assessed or measured in the article?The factor that was looked at was how an individual was nurtured during childhood and environmental contributions in their development. The obvios variable evaluated was socio-emotional. This was a part of the attachment theory research. The specific factors that were looked at included, agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, neuroticism, and openness. If these variables or the relationship between these variables have been studied before, what have other studies found? This shows historical significance. How does the view of personality in this article compare with historical views of personality? According to the article, to their knowledge, no prior study has investigated the longitudinal relation between childhood attachment and adult personality. 7
Running Header: Environmental Influences on Personality: Childhood Experiences What type of research design is used in the study? What instruments or measures did the researchers use to collect data?The research design which was used in the study was survey and questionnaire. The researchers used the factor analyses of attachment to caregivers which was measured by factor analyses of the questionnaires which were filled out by parents, teachers, and peers (the mean value of 3 peers). In addition, there were also separation anxiety tests, five factor model questionnaires, Big Five Mini-Markers, interviews. During the longitudinal analyses, the researchers controlled for temporal stability in personality. The samples came from sixty-six participants.Do you think the research in this article was conducted in an ethical manner? Why or why not? In relation to the article, how have ethical considerations in personality psychology research changed over the years?
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Psychology, Big Five personality traits, Journal of Research in Personality, Shaver, Paulhus