Church lands were sold 10 of property 400 million

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Church lands were sold (10% of property = 400 million Francs) Ended papal authority Constitution of 1791 Created limited monarchy (like England) Most government power was given to the Legislative Assembly Only 30,000 people could be in the assembly You had to own a lot of land Replaced the National Assembly Threats to the French Revolution External Threats Declaration of Pilniz (1791): Prussia and Austria vow to invade France to protect the monarchy because they don’t want their people to get ideas Revolutionary Wars (1792) France declares war on Austria, Prussia, and Britain France wins the war using “Levee en masse”: All citizens contribute to the war effort. This was new because most European armies used small, professional armies France defeats invaders and goes on the offensive Internal Threats Vendée March (1791): Bloody peasant revolt in south west France because they still didn’t have enough food Refractory priests: Opposed the revolution because they didn’t like the civil constitution of the clergy - less than ½ of the clergy and only 7 bishops took oath to the revolution Royalists (like the English civil war) were nobles who liked the monarchy Flight to Varennes (1791): The king tried to flee France but was recognized and arrested Tuileries in Paris (1792): Mob attacks the palace and guards so the king flees to the Legislative Assembly for protection French Republic National Convention Replaced the Legislative Assembly Meets in 1792 for the first time All men can vote No monarchy Trial of Louis XVI Convicted by 1 vote Death by guillotine in 1793 The Terror (1793-1794) Lead by the Committee of Public Safety Created by National Convention Made up of 12 leaders Robespierre was in charge Created a non religious calendar with 10 day weeks Invaded Netherlands and Italy Crushed peasant revolts
Executed people who were believed to be enemies of the revolution, 70% of whom were peasants Napoleon Becomes Emperor of France Was he a traitor to the revolution? Yes Suppressed the press Anti enlightenment: Reinstated the monarchy and divine right Believed he was superior to the people No Religious tolerance Protected natural rights Liberated most of Europe from absolute rule Status was based on merit, not birthright Haitian Revolution Haiti was valuable to France because of sugarcane production Most philosophes agreed that slavery was bad, but: John Locke owned a slave business Voltaire said Africans were inferior to Europeans Montesquieu said slave masters were corrupt Diderot said slavery violated the right to self government Pre Revolutionary Haiti Profitable sugar plantations Social classes: 1. White slave owners (40,000) 2. Free people of color (30,000) 3. Slaves (500,000) Course of the Revolution Slavery abolished in France in 1791 Talk of abolishing slavery in the colonies as well (which happened in 1794) Haiti was inspired by the American Revolution, because it was an example of European colonies separating 1791 Haitian Civil War

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