Desires like family work literature art and music

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(desires like family, work, literature, art, and music) common values! o World values survey: a study of the different cultural divides // political and social values in western and Muslim societies Similar: democratic ideals, democratic performance, strong leaders Difference: gender equality, religious leaders, divorce, abortion, homosexuality V. CULTURE AND CULTURAL IDENTITY MORE IMPROTANT GLOBALLY - Ethno nationalism increasing - Fundamentalism and intolerance of the other increasing - Loyalty shifting away from the secular states Class of civilization? Culture wars? Fear of exclusion? Loss of culture? * Key goal (of what?) : desire for autonomy and a true nation-state What’s a true nation state? State represents one cultural nation! A homogenous society - Rejection of multiculturalism and melting pot theories - Key ingredient of melting pot: state education o Result? Nationalism, patriotism - Key tolerance o Why is there so much intolerance? o “Tolerance is not something societies are born with. It comes with prosperity, education, intellectual curiosity, openness to others all that we call civilization achievements which are universal” Mustapha Tlili
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o Other reasons for intolerance? State not representative Conflict over scarce resources and opportunities More movement of cultures away from their homeland Small culture clashes pile-up Perceptions of relative deprivation (when you think that other groups are doing better than you and you’re not receiving the things you should be receiving) o - Others?
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  • Fall '06
  • Lynch
  • Political Culture, The Land, World Values Survey, different cultural divides, ethno nationalism, homosexuality V. CULTURE

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