In this phase it is desirable to give attention to

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against the dangers of accepting or acting upon a proposed conclusion without adequate evidence.  In this phase, it is desirable to give attention to every idea that comes to the mind. This is important  because often, ideas you impatiently reject as wild or irrelevant turn out to be solutions of problems  or important clues to solutions. The fourth phase is  testing of tentative conclusions.  The objective of this phase is to “criticize” all  tentative conclusions by assessing their reliability. All tentative conclusions are reached through  some kind of inference, a process of reasoning by which they are derived from evidence or available facts.  d)     Problem The word  problem  is used in the broad sense: one has a problem when one has a need or question  but no obvious answer to it. In this case, all mental insatisfactions and the quest to grasp the  essence of the unknown; be it physical or psychological fall within domain of what is rightly defined  as “ problem”. e)      Decision Making Decision making can be defined as the mental processes ( cognitive process ) resulting in the  selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios. Every decision making process  produces a definite solution that characterise our actions, opinions and choice.
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f)       Phases of Decision Making and Problem Solving The general procedure for applying critical thinking to any problem can be described as a cycle with  five phases. This cycle should however not be treated as a rigid procedure in which each phase  must be complete before the next is begun. In practice, you may have to go back to the earlier  phase or work on several phases simultaneously. But if you need to have any real assurance that  your ultimate decision is sound, then all phases must be complete. The details of each phase may  vary depending on the problem at stake, but the general principles apply to all situations. The first phase of problem solving involves  recognition and definition of the issue at stake.   Generally speaking, a typical process of decision-making begins with the recognition of a problem. It is  commonly true, that many problems are never solved because they are not recognized soon enough or not recognized at all. For example, some freshmen fail in college because they do not recognize  soon enough that their study habits are inadequate or that they are in an unsuitable curriculum.
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