keratinocyte’s abnormal growth. Although the cause is unknown, psoriasis is precipitated from stress, infection, trauma, severe dryness of skin and may be induced from using angiotensin- converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, beta-blocking agents, lithium, and anti-malarial agents. Huether and McCance (2017) noted that psoriasis’ treatment is individualized which may include maintenance of skin moisture, topical corticosteroid, ultraviolet light therapy and may use systemic therapy such as methotrexate, cyclosporine and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) medications in severe cases. As such, having a healthy behavior physically and mentally to reduce stress is essential in order to initiate a healthy compensatory mechanism, therefore, attain homeostasis. 9
SKIN CONDITIONS References Al-Hassnawi, A. T., Al-Ameri, A.M., and Al-Hassnawi, H.H. (2017). Association between antistreptolysin-0 serum level and chronoc plaque psoriasis in Iraqi patient. Journal Contemporary Medical Science 1 (4), p 4-8. Retrieved from Dains, J. E., Baumann, L. C., & Scheibel, P. (2016). Advanced health assessment and clinical diagnosis in primary care (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby. Grossman, S. C., and Porth, C.M. (2014). Porth’s pathophysiology (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Kim, D.S., Lee, J., Lim, S.h., Kim, S.M. and Lee, M-G. (2015). Mean platelet volume is elevated in patients with psoriasis vulgaris. Yonsei Medical Journal 56 (3), p 712-718. Retrieved from Mayoclinic.org (n.d.). Retrieved September 20, 2018 from - conditions/psoriasis/symptoms-causes/syc-20355840 McPhee, S. and Hammer, G. (2014). Pathophysiology of disease: An introduction to clinical medicine . (7th ed.) New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education Vlachos, C., Gaitanis, G., Katsanos, K.H., Cristodoulou, D.K., Tsianos, E., and Bassukas, I.D. (2016) Psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease: Links and risks. Directory and Open Access Journals 2016 (1): p73-92. Retrieved from - com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org 10
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